Visual inputs decrease brain activity in frontal areas during silent lipreading


Autoři: Julio Plata Bello aff001;  Carlos García-Peña aff001;  Cristián Modroño aff001;  Estefanía Hernández-Martín aff001;  Yaiza Pérez-Martín aff003;  Francisco Marcano aff001;  José Luis GonzálezMora aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of La Laguna, S/C de Tenerife, Spain aff001;  Hospital Universitario de Canarias (Department of Neurosurgery), S/C de Tenerife, Spain aff002;  Hospital Universitario de Canarias (Department of Neurology), S/C de Tenerife, Spain aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223782

Souhrn

Aim

The aim of the present work is to analyze the modulation of the brain activity within the areas involved in lipreading when an additional visual stimulus is included.

Methods

The experiment consisted of two fMRI runs (lipreading_only and lipreading+picture) where two conditions were considered in each one (oral speech sentences condition [OSS] and oral speech syllables condition [OSSY]).

Results

During lipreading-only, higher activity in the left middle temporal gyrus (MTG) was identified for OSS than OSSY; during lipreading+picture, apart from the left MTG, higher activity was also present in the supplementary motor area (SMA), the left precentral gyrus (PreCG) and the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG). The comparison between these two runs revealed higher activity for lipreading-only in the SMA and the left IFG.

Conclusion

The presence of a visual reference during a lipreading task leads to a decrease in activity in frontal areas.

Klíčová slova:

Functional magnetic resonance imaging – Language – Neuroimaging – Sensory perception – Speech – Syllables – Tongue – Vision


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2019 Číslo 10

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