THINGS: A database of 1,854 object concepts and more than 26,000 naturalistic object images


Autoři: Martin N. Hebart aff001;  Adam H. Dickter aff001;  Alexis Kidder aff001;  Wan Y. Kwok aff001;  Anna Corriveau aff001;  Caitlin Van Wicklin aff001;  Chris I. Baker aff001
Působiště autorů: Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda MD, United States of America aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223792

Souhrn

In recent years, the use of a large number of object concepts and naturalistic object images has been growing strongly in cognitive neuroscience research. Classical databases of object concepts are based mostly on a manually curated set of concepts. Further, databases of naturalistic object images typically consist of single images of objects cropped from their background, or a large number of naturalistic images of varying quality, requiring elaborate manual image curation. Here we provide a set of 1,854 diverse object concepts sampled systematically from concrete picturable and nameable nouns in the American English language. Using these object concepts, we conducted a large-scale web image search to compile a database of 26,107 high-quality naturalistic images of those objects, with 12 or more object images per concept and all images cropped to square size. Using crowdsourcing, we provide higher-level category membership for the 27 most common categories and validate them by relating them to representations in a semantic embedding derived from large text corpora. Finally, by feeding images through a deep convolutional neural network, we demonstrate that they exhibit high selectivity for different object concepts, while at the same time preserving variability of different object images within each concept. Together, the THINGS database provides a rich resource of object concepts and object images and offers a tool for both systematic and large-scale naturalistic research in the fields of psychology, neuroscience, and computer science.

Klíčová slova:

Computational neuroscience – Computer imaging – Neural networks – Neuroscience – Psychology – Semantics – Vision – Graphical user interfaces


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