Using AST-platelet ratio index and fibrosis 4 index for detecting chronic hepatitis C in a large-scale community screening


Autoři: Yuan-Hung Kuo aff001;  Kwong-Ming Kee aff001;  Nien-Tzu Hsu aff001;  Jing-Houng Wang aff001;  Chang-Chun Hsiao aff002;  Yi Chen aff005;  Sheng-Nan Lu aff001
Působiště autorů: Division of Hepatogastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan aff001;  Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan aff002;  Biostatistics and Bioinformatics Center of Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan aff003;  Center for Shockwave Medicine and Tissue Engineering, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan aff004;  Public Health Bureau, Tainan City Government, Tainan, Taiwan aff005;  Division of Hepatogastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan aff006
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222196

Souhrn

Background

Aspartate transaminase-platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis 4 (FIB-4) are two non-invasive indexes to predict liver fibrosis in liver disease. This study was to use APRI and FIB-4 to detect chronic virus hepatitis in community screenings.

Methods

From 2004 to 2013, a series of community-based health screenings for residents aged 40 and older were held in Tainan city. APRI and FIB-4 of each participant were calculated and their association further analyzed with hepatitis status.

Results

We enrolled 180359 participants including 18726 (10.4%) hepatitis B virus (HBV), 13428 (7.4%) hepatitis C virus (HCV), 1337 (0.7%) HBV plus HCV and 146868 (81.5%) Non-HBV Non-HCV. The prevalence of chronic HCV increased with the elevation of APRI cut-offs or FIB-4 cut-offs (13.9%, 28.1%, 38.8%, 45.2%, to 49.9% in APRI≥0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9,1.1, p<0.001 for the linear trend; or 15.8%, 26.4%, 34.4% to 39.7% in FIB-4≥1.75, 2.75, 3.5, 4.25, p<0.001). At the township level, APRI≥ 0.7 and FIB-4≥ 3.5 were highly correlated with HCV infection (r = 0.95, p<0.001 in APRI and r = 0.809, p<0.001 in FIB-4) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development (r = 0.894, p<0.001 in APRI and r = 0.804, p<0.001 in FIB-4), but not correlated with HBV infection.

Conclusions

Community screenings derived APRI or FIB-4 can identify patient subsets with increased of underlying HCV infection and risk of incident HCC.

Klíčová slova:

Hepatitis B virus – Hepatitis C virus – Hepatitis viruses – Hepatocellular carcinoma – Chronic hepatitis – Liver diseases – Liver fibrosis – Taiwan


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PLOS One


2019 Číslo 10