A social media intervention to improve nutrition knowledge and behaviors of low income, pregnant adolescents and adult women


Autoři: Kiley B. Vander Wyst aff001;  Megan E. Vercelli aff001;  Kimberly O. O’Brien aff002;  Elizabeth M. Cooper aff003;  Eva K. Pressman aff003;  Corrie M. Whisner aff001
Působiště autorů: College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona, United States of America aff001;  Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America aff002;  School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States of America aff003;  University of Rochester Medical Center Midwifery Group, Rochester, New York, United States of America aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223120

Souhrn

Pregnant adolescents are at increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes compared to adult women, necessitating a need for early and comprehensive health care. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a social media intervention (i.e. weekly prenatal health messages) on improving diet quality, and health beliefs and knowledge. Participants (10 adolescents and 12 adults) completed pre-post intervention interviews, nutrition knowledge and health belief questionnaires, and 24-hour diet recalls. Participants entering pregnancy as overweight or obese were more likely to experience excessive GWG during the intervention. The adults had greater participation during the study despite high levels of social media access among both groups. Participants were able to identify sugar-sweetened foods and acknowledged the benefits of whole grains; however, overall knowledge of MyPlate Guidelines was limited. Social media-based education was well received by participants but did not result in large changes in dietary intake and knowledge. Although larger studies are needed, social media appears to have the potential to reach high-risk women.

Klíčová slova:

Adolescents – Adults – Behavioral and social aspects of health – Fats – Nutrition – Pregnancy – Social media – Weight gain


Zdroje

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