Adherence to general medical checkup and cancer screening guidelines according to self-reported smoking status: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010–2012


Autoři: Eun Young Kim aff001;  Young Sup Shim aff001;  Young Saing Kim aff003;  Sang Pyo Lee aff003;  Ki Dong Ko aff004;  Won-Jun Choi aff005
Působiště autorů: Department of Radiology, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea aff001;  Department of Information and Statistics, Korea National Open University, Seoul, South Korea aff002;  Department of Internal Medicine, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea aff003;  Department of Family Medicine, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea aff004;  Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224224

Souhrn

Objectives

The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) revealed that low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening could reduce lung cancer mortality in heavy smokers. Lung screening with LDCT was implemented in July 2019 as part of the National Cancer Screening Program in Korea for heavy smokers who meet NLST criteria [smokers aged 55–74 years with 30 pack-years (PY) or more, excluding former smokers with more than 15 years since smoking cessation]. This study evaluated NLST-eligible heavy smokers’ adherence to general medical checkup and cancer screening guidelines.

Methods

Using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2010 to 2012, we compared adherence of Korean adults (55–74 years, n = 5,480) to general medical checkup and cancer (gastric, colorectal, breast, and cervical) screening guidelines according to self-reported smoking status. Smoking and PY data were available, but no data indicating when former smokers ceased smoking were available. Accordingly, smoking status was only classified as NLST (smokers with a history ≥ 30 PY) and non-NLST. Individuals who met NLST criteria were subdivided into current (NLST-current) and former smokers (NLST-former). Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate adherence to screening recommendations as a function of the study group (NLST-current, NLST-former, non-NLST) using possible covariates (sociodemographic factors, health-related behaviors, comorbidities, and self-reported health status).

Results

Weighted prevalence of NLST-current was 9.7%, of NLST-former was 9.6%, and of non-NLST was 80.7%. Overall screening rates were 70.7% (medical checkup), 59.1% (stomach cancer), 58.1% (colorectal cancer), 59.1% (breast cancer), and 48.9% (cervical cancer). Adherence to colorectal cancer screening and medical checkup was lower in NLST-current than non-NLST (AOR 0.59; 95% CI 0.44–0.78 for colorectal cancer; AOR 0.70; 95% CI 0.52–0.95 for medical checkup). Screening practices for other cancers were not different.

Conclusions

Current heavy smokers meeting NLST criteria were less likely to have colorectal cancer screening or general medical checkup. Understanding the screening practices of this target population might enable the development of more effective plans to implement lung screening and improve screening compliance for other cancers.

Klíčová slova:

Cancer screening – Colorectal cancer – Health insurance – Korea – Lung and intrathoracic tumors – Oncology – Screening guidelines – Smoking habits


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 10