Intestinal parasitic infection among household contacts of primary cases, a comparative cross-sectional study


Autoři: Berhanu Elfu Feleke aff001;  Melkamu Bedimo Beyene aff001;  Teferi Elfu Feleke aff002;  Tadesse Hailu Jember aff003;  Bayeh Abera aff004
Působiště autorů: Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Bahir Dar, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia aff001;  Department of Pediatrics, St Paul University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia aff002;  Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia aff003;  Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221190

Souhrn

Background

Intestinal parasitic infection affects 3.5 billion people in the world and mostly affecting the low socio-economic groups. The objectives of this research works were to estimate the prevalence and determinants of intestinal parasitic infection among family members of known intestinal parasite infected patients.

Methods and materials

A comparative cross-sectional study design was implemented in the urban and rural settings of Mecha district. The data were collected from August 2017toMarch 2019 from intestinal parasite infected patient household members. Epi-info software was used to calculate the sample size, 4531 household members were estimated to be included. Data were collected using interview technique, and collecting stool samples from each household contact of intestinal parasite patients. Descriptive statistics were used to estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasites among known contacts of intestinal parasite patients/family members. Binary logistic regression was used to identify the determinant factors of intestinal parasitic infection among family members.

Results

The prevalence of intestinal parasite among household contacts of intestinal parasite-infected family members was 86.14% [95% CI: 86.14% - 87.15%]. Hookworm infection was the predominant type of infection (18.8%). Intestinal parasitic infection was associated with sex, environmental sanitation, overcrowding, personal hygiene, residence, substandard house, role in the household, source of light for the house, trimmed fingernails, family size, regular handwashing practice. Protozoa infection was associated with habit of ingesting raw vegetable, playing with domestic animals, water source and the presence of household water filtering materials.

Conclusion

High prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection was observed among household contacts of primary cases.

Klíčová slova:

Helminth infections – Hygiene – Chickens – Intestinal parasites – Parasitic diseases – Parasitic intestinal diseases – Protozoans – Sanitation


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