Sleep problems are a strong predictor of stress-related metabolic changes in police officers. A prospective study


Autoři: Sergio Garbarino aff001;  Nicola Magnavita aff001
Působiště autorů: Post-graduate School of Occupational Health, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy aff001;  State Police Health Service Department, Ministry of the Interior, Rome, Italy aff002;  Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics and Maternal-Infantile Sciences (DINOGMI), Genoa, Italy aff003;  Department of Woman/Child & Public Health, Fondazione Policlinico Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224259

Souhrn

Objective

Previous studies have shown that workers chronically exposed to occupational stress have an increased risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and sleep problems (SPs). The purpose of this study was to verify whether SPs mediate the relationship between stress and MetS.

Method

A 5-year prospective cohort study included 242 police officers from a rapid response unit engaged exclusively in maintaining law and order. Perceived stress levels were measured repeatedly with the demand-control-support and the effort-reward-imbalance questionnaires; insomnia symptoms were assessed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; excessive daytime sleepiness was measured using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. MetS and its components were evaluated at baseline and at follow-up.

Results

During 5-year follow-up period, 26 new cases of MetS were identified. Both occupational stress and SPs were significantly related to incident cases of MetS. Insomnia symptoms showed a highly significant association with MetS (aOR 11.038; CI95% 2.867–42.493). Mediation analysis confirmed that SPs mediate the relationship between stress and MetS.

A reciprocal relationship was found between job stress and SPs. Work-related stress was a significant predictor of insomnia symptoms, short sleep duration, sleep dissatisfaction, and sleepiness. Compared to the reference group, police officers with SPs at baseline had significantly higher odds of reporting high stress at follow-up.

Conclusion

SPs play a mediating role in the relationship between occupational stress and MetS. Prevention of MetS must include the control of stress factors and an increase in the resilience of workers, but correct sleep hygiene is also an essential factor.

Klíčová slova:

Insomnia – Metabolic syndrome – Police – Psychological stress – Questionnaires – Regression analysis – Sleep – Sleep disorders


Zdroje

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