Measuring the impact of an interdisciplinary learning project on nursing, architecture and landscape design students’ empathy


Autoři: Samantha Donnelly aff001;  Suzanne Dean aff002;  Shohreh Razavy aff003;  Tracy Levett-Jones aff002
Působiště autorů: School of Architecture, Department of Design, Architecture and Building, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia aff001;  School of Nursing, Faculty of Health, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia aff002;  School of Life Science, Faculty of Science, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0215795

Souhrn

Domestic violence and refuge services in Australia

In Australia and internationally, domestic violence is a major cause of homelessness for women and children and yet provision for accommodation for this user-group is not well documented or understood. When designing emergency accommodation, the concerns, preferences, and perspectives of individuals who access refuge services must be sought in order to create spaces that are conducive to the needs of this diverse and vulnerable group. An empathic ‘lens’ can provide meaningful insights that can inform the design of refuge services specifically targeted at addressing these needs. This paper describes an authentic interdisciplinary learning experience for nursing, architecture and landscape students at a university in Sydney, Australia, and presents the results of a study designed to measure the impact of this initiative on participants’ empathy towards women and children who access refuge services as a result of homelessness and/or domestic violence. Empathy levels were measured using the Comprehensive State Empathy Scale, a validated measurement tool.

An authentic interdisciplinary learning experience

The learning experience consisted of collaborative meetings with stakeholders from the refuge sector, fieldwork, individual research, exchanging ideas and problem-solving in teams. Students then developed design guides for refuges that demonstrated their emerging understanding of the specific needs and perspectives of the issues faced by women and children who had experienced violence and found themselves homeless. Pre-post Comprehensive State Empathy Scale results indicated that the empathy levels of nursing and landscape students increased and those of architecture students decreased, however, these results were not statistically significant.

Building empathy in teaching and learning

The significance of the results from this study include an ability to compare the changes in empathy in students working collaboratively on a project and to ascertain possible reasons for this using a validated measurement tool. As empathy is one of the strongest negative correlates of prejudice, authentic teaching and learning activities, such as the one described in this paper, have the potential to positively impact the lived experience of women and children leaving situations of domestic violence.

Klíčová slova:

Allied health care professionals – Emotions – Human learning – Children – Learning – Nursing science – Women's health – Domestic violence


Zdroje

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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 10