Beyond the metabolic syndrome: Visceral and marrow adipose tissues impair bone quantity and quality in Cushing’s disease


Autoři: Sérgio Luchini Batista aff001;  Iana Mizumukai de Araújo aff001;  Adriana Lelis Carvalho aff001;  Maria Augusta V. S. D. Alencar aff001;  Andressa K. Nahas aff002;  Jorge Elias, Jr aff001;  Marcello H. Nogueira-Barbosa aff001;  Carlos E. G. Salmon aff003;  Paula C. L. Elias aff001;  Ayrton C. Moreira aff001;  Margaret Castro aff001;  Francisco J. A. de Paula aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Clinical Medicine, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, USP, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil aff001;  Faculty of Public Health, USP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil aff002;  Department of Physics, Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters of Ribeirão Preto, USP, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223432

Souhrn

The present study was designed to evaluate the relationship between bone traits [bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS)] and the accumulation of fat in adipose tissues [abdominal subcutaneous (SAT), visceral (VAT), marrow (MAT) and intrahepatic lipids (IHL)], as well as insulin resistance, in subjects with Cushing’s disease (CD). The study included control (C = 27), paired (P = 16) and Cushing’s disease (CD = 10) groups, which underwent biochemical assessment, dual X-ray absorptiometry, TBS, and magnetic resonance imaging to determine fat deposits. The CD group showed higher serum levels of glucose and insulin, as well as HOMA-IR values, but lower circulatory levels of osteocalcin, in comparison to C and P. The CD group exhibited lower L1-L4 BMD than P (P = 1.059 ± 0.141 vs CD = 0.935 ± 0.093 g/cm2, p < 0.05) (Fig 1A). The lumbar spine BMD from the C group was similar to the other groups. TBS was lower in CD than in P and C (C = 1.512±0.077 vs P = 1.405±0.150 vs CD = 1.135±0.136; p<0.05); there was also significant difference between C and P (p<0.05). MAT, VAT, and IHL were higher in CD than in C and P (p<0.05). Considering all subjects, there was a positive association between TBS with both lumbar spine BMD (R2 = 0.45; p<0.0001) and osteocalcin (R2 = 0.44; p = 0.05). TBS was negatively associated with MAT (R2 = 0.49; p = 0.01), VAT (R2 = 0.55; p<0.05), and HOMA-IR (R2 = 0.44; p<0.01). MAT was positively related with VAT (R2 = 0.44; p<0.01) and IHL (R2 = 0.41; p<0.05). In CD, insulin resistance and adipose tissue dysfunction, including high MAT, are active players in bone deterioration, as confirmed by lower lumbar spine BMD and lower TBS. Thus, our findings point to an additional component of the already well-known complex mechanisms of osteoporosis associated with hypercortisolism.

Klíčová slova:

Adiponectin – Adipose tissue – Bone and mineral metabolism – Bone density – Bone fracture – Insulin resistance – Leptin – Obesity


Zdroje

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2019 Číslo 10