Conspicuous and cryptic reef fishes from a unique and economically important region in the northern Red Sea


Autoři: Calder J. Atta aff001;  Darren J. Coker aff001;  Tane H. Sinclair-Taylor aff001;  Joseph D. DiBattista aff001;  Alexander Kattan aff001;  Alison A. Monroe aff001;  Michael L. Berumen aff001
Působiště autorů: Red Sea Research Center, Division of Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia aff001;  School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States of America aff002;  Australian Museum Research Institute, Australian Museum, Sydney, NSW, Australia aff003;  Trace and Environmental DNA (TrEnD) Laboratory, School of Molecular and Life Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223365

Souhrn

Al Wajh Bank in the northern Red Sea contains an extensive coral reef system that potentially supports a novel fish community. The large (1500km2) and shallow (< 40m depth) lagoon experiences greater temperature and salinity fluctuations, as well as higher turbidity, than most other Red Sea reefs. Since these conditions often influence coral community structure and introduce physiological challenges to its resident organisms, changes in reef-associated fishes are expected. We present critical baseline data on fish biodiversity and benthic composition for the Al Wajh Bank. Underwater visual census of conspicuous fishes and standardized collections of cryptobenthic fishes were combined to provide a comprehensive assessment of these fish communities. We documented 153 fish species and operational taxonomic units, including undescribed species, within 24 families on reefs largely dominated by hard coral and soft sediment (39% and 32% respectively). The families Pomacentridae and Gobiidae contributed the most towards fish diversity and abundance. Bray-Curtis dissimilarity distances among sampled sites suggest a distinctive fish community within the lagoon, and coefficients of variation for each species show high variation in their distribution across the lagoon. Species accumulation curves predict that additional sampling would document many more species throughout Al Wajh. Our findings provide the most extensive biodiversity survey of fishes from this region to date and record the condition of the reef prior to major coastal development planned to occur in the near future.

Klíčová slova:

Biodiversity – Community ecology – Coral reefs – Fish physiology – Lagoons – Marine fish – Red Sea – Species diversity


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2019 Číslo 10