Geospatial correlates of early marriage and union formation in Ghana


Autoři: Fiifi Amoako Johnson aff001;  Mumuni Abu aff002;  Chigozie Edson Utazi aff003
Působiště autorů: Department of Population and Health, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana aff001;  Regional Institute for Population Studies, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana aff002;  WorldPop and Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute (S3RI), University of Southampton, Southampton, England, United Kingdom aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223296

Souhrn

The practice of early marriage, although acknowledged as a human rights violation, continues to occur in many countries. Different studies have identified the associated factors in many developing countries. However, these factors often assume no geographical variation in these factors within countries. Again, cultural practices and beliefs which strongly influence the acceptance and practices of early marriage vary geographically. In addition, geographic clusters of high rates of early marriage and union formation are also unknown. Thus, area specific correlates of early child marriage are required for the development of location specific policies to aid the eradication of early child marriage. Using data from the 2010 Ghana Population and Housing Census, this study examines the extent of geospatial clustering in early marriage amongst girls and their spatially-varying associated factors at the district level. The findings reveal strong clustering of high early marriage amongst districts in the Upper West, Northern and Volta regions. Nationally, 6.96% (CI = 6.83, 7.08) of girls are married or in union before their 18th birthday. The estimates range from 2.7% in the Jaman North district in Brong Ahafo region to 19.0% in the Gushiegu district in Northern region. Economic factors were observed as important spatially-varying associated factors. The findings suggest that targeted interventions are required in the effort to eradicate the practice in Ghana.

Klíčová slova:

Census – Disabilities – Economics – Economics of training and education – Forecasting – Ghana – Labor economics – Religion


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