Dual-career through the elite university student-athletes’ lenses: The international FISU-EAS survey

Autoři: Giancarlo Condello aff001;  Laura Capranica aff002;  Mojca Doupona aff003;  Kinga Varga aff004;  Verena Burk aff005
Působiště autorů: Graduate Institute of Sports Training, Institute of Sports Sciences, University of Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan aff001;  Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, Italy aff002;  European Athlete as Student Network, Ghaxaq, Malta aff003;  Faculty of Sports, Department of Sport Sociology and History, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia aff004;  Institute of Sports Science, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany aff005;  Fédération Internationale du Sport Universitaire Education Committee, Lausanne, Switzerland aff006
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223278


Athletes have the right to combine their sport and higher education careers (e.g., dual career), but differences in the recognition of the student-athlete’s status and availability of dual career programmes and services exist worldwide. The purpose of this study was to investigate the dual career phenomenon through the international student-athletes’ views. Student-athletes competing at the 2017 Summer Universiade were recruited to respond a 31-item online survey encompassing demographic characteristics (Q1-8), sport and university engagement (Q9-13), student-athletes’ knowledge and possible sources of information regarding dual career (Q14-22); and dual career support at personal, sport, and academic levels (Q23-31). Four hundred twenty-six respondents (males: 46%, females 54%), competing in 22 different sports (individual: 74%, team: 26%) from Africa (4%), America (20%), Asia (34%), Europe (39%), and Oceania (3), had experienced previous international sports events (94%). Differences among continents emerged for sport (p<0.001) and university (p = 0.039) engagement, and transfer time from home to the training venue (p = 0.030). Individual sports student-athletes showed higher sport engagement (p = 0.003) compared to team sports counterparts. Differences among university majors emerged for university engagement (p<0.001). Long absence from classes (57%), limited leisure time (50%), financial uncertainty (44%), reduction of training due to education (42%), and overload feelings (37%) emerged. The majority of the sample resulted not familiar with dual career programmes (60%) and public authorities (69%), envisaging national dual career policies at university (37%) and sport (25%) levels. Multiple relevant dual career supporters at personal, sport, and university levels were identified, mainly parents (86%) and coaches (65%). To strengthen the potential of the student-athletes of the future, a dual career network should be established among several stakeholders, for transnational cooperation and sharing of knowledge and best practices through extensive communication between policy-makers, practitioners and those having a strong supportive dual career role (e.g., parents, coaches, and university sport staff).

Klíčová slova:

Careers – Careers in research – Europe – Finance – Sports – Sports and exercise medicine – Surveys – Universities


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