Combining CDK4/6 inhibitors ribociclib and palbociclib with cytotoxic agents does not enhance cytotoxicity


Autoři: Dan Jin aff001;  Nguyen Tran aff001;  Nagheme Thomas aff001;  David D. Tran aff001
Působiště autorů: Division of Neuro-Oncology, Lillian S. Wells Department of Neurosurgery, Preston A. Wells, Jr. Center for Brain Tumor Therapy, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, United States of America aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223555

Souhrn

Cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) play critical roles in the G1 to S checkpoint of the cell cycle and have been shown to be overactive in several human cancers. Small-molecule inhibitors of CDK4/6 have demonstrated significant efficacy against many solid tumors. Since CDK4/6 inhibition is thought to induce cell cycle arrest at the G1/S checkpoint, much interest has been focused on combining CDK4/6 inhibitors with cytotoxic agents active against the S or M phase of the cell cycle to enhance therapeutic efficacy. However, it remains unclear how best to combine these two classes of drugs to avoid their potentially antagonistic effects. Here, we test various combinations of highly selective and potent CDK4/6 inhibitors with commonly used cytotoxic drugs in several cancer cell lines derived from lung, breast and brain cancers, for their cell-killing effects as compared to monotherapy. All combinations, either concurrent or sequential, failed to enhance cell-killing effects. Importantly, in certain schedules, especially pre-treatment with a CDK4/6 inhibitor, combining these drugs resulted in reduced cytotoxicity of cytotoxic agents. These findings urge cautions when combining these two classes of agents in clinical settings.

Klíčová slova:

Breast cancer – Cancer treatment – Cell cycle and cell division – Cell cycle inhibitors – Cytotoxicity – Drug therapy – Synthesis phase – Cytotoxicity assay


Zdroje

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PLOS One


2019 Číslo 10

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