1. Baumeister RF, Vohs KD, Tice DM. The strength model of self-control. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 2007;16(6):351–5. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8721.2007.00534.x
2. Tangney JP, Baumeister RF, Boone AL. High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. Journal of Personality. 2004;72(2):271–324. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00263.x 15016066
3. Moffitt TE, Arseneault L, Belsky D, Dickson N, Hancox RJ, Harrington H, et al. A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety. PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2011;108(7):2693–8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1010076108
4. Situ QM, Li JB, Dou K. Reexamining the linear and U-shaped relationships between self-control and emotional and behavioural problems. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 2016;19(2):177–85. doi: 10.1111/ajsp.12118
5. Cheung TTL, Gillebaart M, Kroese F, De Ridder D. Why are people with high self-control happier? The effect of trait self-control on happiness as mediated by regulatory focus. Frontiers in Psychology. 2014;5:722. PMC4085873. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00722 25071683
6. Dou K, Nie YG, Wang YJ, Liu YZ. The relationship between self-control, job satisfaction and life satisfaction in Chinese employees: A preliminary study. Work (Reading, Mass). 2016;55(4):797–803. doi: 10.3233/WOR-162447
7. Hofmann W, Luhmann M, Fisher RR, Vohs KD, Baumeister RF. Yes, but are they happy? Effects of trait self-control on affective well-being and life satisfaction. Journal of Personality. 2014;82(4):265–77. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12050 23750741
8. Li J-B, Delvecchio E, Lis A, Nie Y-G, Di Riso D. Positive coping as mediator between self-control and life satisfaction: Evidence from two Chinese samples. Personality and Individual Differences. 2016;97:130–3. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.03.042
9. Orkibi H, Ronen T. Basic psychological needs satisfaction mediates the association between self-control skills and subjective well-being. Frontiers in Psychology. 2017;8:936. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00936 28638362
10. Grant AM, Schwartz B. Too much of a good thing: The challenge and opportunity of the inverted U. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2011;6(1):61–76. Epub 2011/01/01. doi: 10.1177/1745691610393523 26162116.
11. Wiese CW, Tay L, Duckworth AL, D'Mello S, Kuykendall L, Hofmann W, et al. Too much of a good thing? Exploring the inverted-U relationship between self-control and happiness. Journal of Personality. 2018;86(3):380–96. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12322 28480971.
12. Friese M, Frankenbach J, Job V, Loschelder DD. Does self-control training improve self-control? A meta-analysis. Perspectives on psychological science: a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. 2017;12(6):1077–99. doi: 10.1177/1745691617697076 28846503.
13. Diener E, Emmons RA, Larsen RJ, Griffin S. The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment. 1985;49(1):71–5. doi: 10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13 16367493
14. Robins RW, John OP, Caspi A, Moffitt TE, Stouthamer-Loeber M. Resilient, overcontrolled, and undercontrolled boys: Three replicable personality types. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1996;70(1):157–71. doi: 10.1037//0022-35220.127.116.11 8558407
15. Diener E, Suh EM, Lucas RE, Smith HL. Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin. 1999;125(2):276–302. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.125.2.276
16. Letzring TD, Block J, Funder DC. Ego-control and ego-resiliency: Generalization of self-report scales based on personality descriptions from acquaintances, clinicians, and the self. Journal of Research in Personality. 2005;39(4):395–422. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2004.06.003
17. Pomerantz EM, Saxon JL, Oishi S. The psychological trade-offs of goal investment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2000;79(4):617–30. doi: 10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1687 11045742
18. McGregor I, Little BR. Personal projects, happiness, and meaning: On doing well and being yourself. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1998;74(2):494–512. doi: 10.1037//0022-3522.214.171.1244 9491589
19. Tay L, Diener E. Needs and subjective well-being around the world. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2011;101(2):354–65. doi: 10.1037/a0023779 21688922
20. Penner LA, Dovidio JF, Piliavin JA, Schroeder DA. Prosocial behavior: multilevel perspectives. Annual Review of Psychology. 2005;56:365–92. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.56.091103.070141 15709940.
21. Rand DG. Cooperation, fast and slow: Meta-analytic evidence for a theory of social heuristics and self-interested deliberation. Psychological science. 2016;27(9):1192–206. Epub 2016/07/17. doi: 10.1177/0956797616654455 27422875.
22. Rand DG, Brescoll VL, Everett JA, Capraro V, Barcelo H. Social heuristics and social roles: Intuition favors altruism for women but not for men. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 2016;145(4):389–96. Epub 2016/02/26. doi: 10.1037/xge0000154 26913619.
23. Capraro V. Does the truth come naturally? Time pressure increases honesty in one-shot deception games. Economics Letters. 2017;158:54–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econlet.2017.06.015.
24. Dewall CN, Baumeister RF, Gailliot MT, Maner JK. Depletion makes the heart grow less helpful: helping as a function of self-regulatory energy and genetic relatedness. Personality & social psychology bulletin. 2008;34(12):1653–62. Epub 2008/12/04. doi: 10.1177/0146167208323981 19050337.
25. Carlo G, Crockett LJ, Wolff JM, Beal SJ. The role of emotional reactivity, self-regulation, and puberty in adolescents' prosocial behaviors. Social Development. 2012;21(4):667–85. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2012.00660.x 28316370
26. Nie Y-G, Li J-B, Vazsonyi AT. Self-control mediates the associations between parental attachment and prosocial behavior among Chinese adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences. 2016;96:36–9. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.02.077
27. Padilla-Walker LM, Christensen KJ. Empathy and self‐regulation as mediators between parenting and adolescents' prosocial behavior toward strangers, friends, and family. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 2011;21(3):545–51. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00695.x
28. Capraro V, Cococcioni G. Rethinking spontaneous giving: Extreme time pressure and ego-depletion favor self-regarding reactions. Sci Rep. 2016;6:27219. doi: 10.1038/srep27219 https://www.nature.com/articles/srep27219#supplementary-information.
29. Halali E, Bereby-Meyer Y, Ockenfels A. Is it all about the self? The effect of self-control depletion on ultimatum game proposers. Frontiers in human neuroscience. 2013;7:1–8. Epub 2013/06/20. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00001 23781182; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3680729.
30. Achtziger A, Alós-Ferrer C, Wagner AK. The impact of self-control depletion on social preferences in the ultimatum game. Journal of Economic Psychology. 2016;53:1–16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joep.2015.12.005.
31. Gino F, Schweitzer ME, Mead NL, Ariely D. Unable to resist temptation: How self-control depletion promotes unethical behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 2011;115(2):191–203. doi: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2011.03.001
32. Telzer EH, Masten CL, Berkman ET, Lieberman MD, Fuligni AJ. Neural regions associated with self control and mentalizing are recruited during prosocial behaviors towards the family. NeuroImage. 2011;58(1):242–9. Epub 2011/06/28. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.06.013 21703352; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3276247.
33. Ryan RM, Huta V, Deci EL. Living well: a self-determination theory perspective on eudaimonia. In: Delle Fave A, editor. The Exploration of Happiness: Present and Future Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 117–39.
34. Caprara GV, Kanacri BPL, Gerbino M, Zuffianò A, Alessandri G, Vecchio G, et al. Positive effects of promoting prosocial behavior in early adolescence: Evidence from a school-based intervention. International Journal of Behavioral Development. 2014;38(4):386–96. doi: 10.1177/0165025414531464
35. Caputi M, Lecce S, Pagnin A, Banerjee R. Longitudinal effects of theory of mind on later peer relations: The role of prosocial behavior. Developmental Psychology. 2012;48(1):257–70. doi: 10.1037/a0025402 21895361
36. Yang Y, Li P, Fu X, Kou Y. Orientations to happiness and subjective well-being in Chinese adolescents: The roles of prosocial behavior and internet addictive behavior. Journal of Happiness Studies. 2017;10(4):881–97. doi: 10.1007/s12187-016-9410-2
37. Lindsey LLM. Anticipated guilt as behavioral motivation an examination of appeals to help unknown others through bone marrow donation. Human Communication Research. 2005;31(4):453–81. doi: 10.1093/hcr/31.4.453
38. Sonnentag S, Grant AM. Doing good at work feels good at home, but not right away: When and why perceived prosocial impact predicts positive affect. Personnel Psychology. 2012;65(3):495–530. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6570.2012.01251.x
39. Aknin LB, Barrington-Leigh CP, Dunn EW, Helliwell JF, Burns J, Biswas-Diener R, et al. Prosocial spending and well-being: Cross-cultural evidence for a psychological universal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2013;104(4):635–52. doi: 10.1037/a0031578 23421360
40. Martin KM, Huebner ES. Peer victimization and prosocial experiences and emotional well‐being of middle school students. Psychology in the Schools. 2007;44(2):199–208. doi: 10.1002/pits.20216
41. Goodman R, Meltzer H, Bailey V. The strengths and difficulties questionnaire: A pilot study on the validity of the self-report version. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1998;7(3):125–30. doi: 10.1007/s007870050057 9826298.
42. Carlo G, Randall BA. The development of a measure of prosocial behaviors for late adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2002;31(1):31–44. doi: 10.1023/a:1014033032440
43. Aryee S, Budhwar PS, Chen ZX. Trust as a mediator of the relationship between organizational justice and work outcomes: Test of a social exchange model. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 2002;23(3):267–85. doi: 10.1002/job.138
44. De Cremer D, Mayer DM, van Dijke M, Schouten BC, Bardes M. When does self-sacrificial leadership motivate prosocial behavior? It depends on followers’ prevention focus. Journal of Applied Psychology. 2009;94(4):887–99. doi: 10.1037/a0014782 19594232
45. Wang Y-J, Dou K, Tang Z-W. The relationship between trait self-control, consideration for future consequence and organizational citizenship behavior among Chinese employees. Work (Reading, Mass). 2017;58(3):341–7. doi: 10.3233/WOR-172622 29036869.
46. Wang KT, Yuen M, Slaney RB. Perfectionism, depression, loneliness, and life satisfaction: A study of high school students in Hong Kong. The Counseling Psychologist. 2009;37(2):249–74. doi: 10.1177/0011000008315975
47. Simonsohn U. Two lines: A valid alternative to the invalid testing of U-Shaped relationships with quadratic regressions. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science. 2018;1(4):538–55. doi: 10.1177/2515245918805755
48. Hayes AF. Introduction to mediation. Aregression-based approach. New York: Guilford Publications; 2013.
49. Chudek M, Henrich J. Culture–gene coevolution, norm-psychology and the emergence of human prosociality. Trends in cognitive sciences. 2011;15(5):218–26. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2011.03.003 21482176
50. Luria G, Cnaan RA, Boehm A. Religious attendance and volunteering: Testing national culture as a boundary condition. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion. 2017;56(3):577–99. doi: 10.1111/jssr.12360
51. Li J-B, T. Vazsonyi A, Dou K. Is individualism-collectivism associated with self-control? Evidence from Chinese and U.S. samples. PloS one. 2018;13(12):e0208541. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0208541 30566491
52. McKnight CG, Huebner ES, Suldo S. Relationships among stressful life events, temperament, problem behavior, and global life satisfaction in adolescents. Psychology in the Schools. 2002;39(6):677–87. doi: 10.1002/pits.10062
53. Wills TA, Dishion TJ. Temperament and adolescent substance use: A transactional analysis of emerging self-control. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. 2004;33(1):69–81. doi: 10.1207/S15374424JCCP3301_7 15028542
54. Layous K, Nelson SK, Kurtz JL, Lyubomirsky S. What triggers prosocial effort? A positive feedback loop between positive activities, kindness, and well-being. The Journal of Positive Psychology. 2017;12(4):385–98. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2016.1198924