Mutant prevention concentration of ozenoxacin for quinolone-susceptible or -resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis


Autoři: Y. López aff001;  M. Tato aff002;  D. Gargallo-Viola aff003;  R. Cantón aff002;  J. Vila aff001;  I. Zsolt aff005
Působiště autorů: Institute of Global Health of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain aff001;  Department of Clinical Microbiology, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal & Instituto Ramón y Cajal de Investigación Sanitaria (IRYCIS), Madrid, Spain aff002;  ABAC Therapeutics, Barcelona, Spain aff003;  Department of Clinical Microbiology, Hospital Clinic, School of Medicine, University of Barcelona, Spain aff004;  Medical Department, Ferrer Internacional, Barcelona, Spain aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223326

Souhrn

Ozenoxacin (OZN) belongs to a new generation of non-fluorinated quinolones for the topical treatment of skin infections which has shown to be effective in the treatment of susceptible and resistant Gram-positive cocci. The mutant prevention concentration (MPC) of ozenoxacin, levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin was determined in quinolone-susceptible and -resistant strains including methicillin-susceptible S. aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus, methicillin-susceptible S. epidermidis and methicillin-resistant S. epidermidis with different profile of mutation in the quinolone resistance determining regions (QRDR). The MPC value of OZN for the methicillin-susceptible S. aureus strain susceptible to quinolones, without mutations in QRDR, was 0.05 mg/L, being 280-fold lower than that observed with ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin. In methicillin-susceptible and–resistant S. aureus strains with mutations in the gyrA or/and grlA genes the MPC of OZN went from 0.1 to 6 mg/L, whereas the MPC of levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin was > 50 mg/L for the same strains. For methicillin-susceptible and–resistant S. epidermidis the results were similar to those abovementioned for S. aureus. According to our results, the MPC of OZN was far below the quantity of ozenoxacin achieved in the epidermal layer, suggesting that the in vivo selection of mutants, if it occurs, will take place at low frequency. Ozenoxacin is an excellent candidate for the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible and quinolone-resistant staphylococci isolated usually from skin infections.

Klíčová slova:

Antimicrobial resistance – Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus – Mutant strains – Skin infections – Staphylococcus – Staphylococcus aureus – Staphylococcus epidermidis – Staphylococcal infection


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PLOS One


2019 Číslo 10

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