Emotional and behavioral problems, social competence and risk factors in 6–16-year-old students in Beijing, China

Autoři: Yang Yang aff001;  Yanjie Qi aff001;  Yonghua Cui aff003;  Bin Li aff001;  Zhixia Zhang aff001;  Yuming Zhou aff001;  Xu Chen aff001;  Dandi Zhu aff001;  Fan He aff001;  Yi Zheng aff001
Působiště autorů: The National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders & Beijing Key Laboratory of Mental Disorders, Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China aff001;  Advanced Innovation Center for Human Brain Protection, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China aff002;  National Center for Children’s Health, Beijing, China aff003;  Department of Psychiatry, Beijing Children’s Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223970



Child emotional or behavioral problems and insufficient social development has been a heavy burden on family and society. However, currently large-scale studies on emotional and behavioral problems as well as social competence among school children in China are still lacking. This cross-sectional study analyzed the current status and risk factors of behavioral problems and social competences in Beijing students.


A total of 9,295 students, with ages ranging from 6 to 16 years old, were enrolled in the study. The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) was used to screen emotional and behavioral problems, social competences of students. We then assessed significant predictors factors associated with children behavioral problems and social competences.


The total detection rate of behavioral problems of this cohort was 16.7%. All kinds of social competence scores of boys were lower than girls (P <0.05). The scores of social and learning ability in children with behavioral problems were significantly lower than those without behavior problems (P <0.05). Gender, developmental delay, recent life events, negative relationships and negative child-rearing styles were the shared influencing factors for behavioral problems and social competence. In addition, age, macrosomia, threatened abortion, hospitalization for physical illness, physical illness, poor sleep were independent risk factors for children's emotional and behavioral problems, and non-breastfeeding was an independent risk factor for abnormal social competence.


The social competence, emotional and behavioral problems are serious among students in Beijing. More attention should be paid to mental health and effective intervention measures should be provided.

Klíčová slova:

Adolescents – Age groups – Behavior – Depression – Emotions – Children – Medical risk factors – Schools


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