The trigger-information-response model: Exploring health literacy during the first six months following a kidney transplantation

Autoři: Kari Gire Dahl aff001;  Eivind Engebretsen aff001;  Marit Helen Andersen aff001;  Kristin Hjorthaug Urstad aff003;  Astrid Klopstad Wahl aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Institute of Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway aff001;  Department of Transplant Medicine in the Division of Surgery, Inflammatory Medicine and Transplantation, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway aff002;  Department of Quality and Health Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223533


The main objective of this study was to explore how kidney transplant recipients find, understand, and use health information, and make decisions about their health—also known as health literacy. Kidney transplant recipients must take an active part in their health following the transplantation, since a new organ requires new medication and focus on lifestyle to prevent side-effects and signs of organ rejection. Consequently, it is of major clinical relevance to explore how kidney transplant recipients understand and relate to health literacy. Ten kidney transplant recipients were interviewed at three weeks and again at six months post-transplantation. Design and analysis were inspired by constructivist grounded theory. The results of the study are presented through a model consisting of three phases: the trigger phase, the information phase, and the response phase. The participants were influenced by context and personal factors as they moved between three phases, as information seekers, recipients, and sharers. This study illustrates health literacy as an active process. It gives new insight into what motivates kidney recipients to find, share, and receive information, and how a hierarchy of resources is built and used.

Klíčová slova:

Behavioral and social aspects of health – Health care providers – Health education and awareness – Kidneys – Nephrology – Nurses – Patients – Renal transplantation


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2019 Číslo 10