Shift in trophic niches of soil microarthropods with conversion of tropical rainforest into plantations as indicated by stable isotopes (15N, 13C)


Autoři: Alena Krause aff001;  Dorothee Sandmann aff001;  Sarah L. Bluhm aff001;  Sergey Ermilov aff002;  Rahayu Widyastuti aff003;  Noor Farikhah Haneda aff004;  Stefan Scheu aff001;  Mark Maraun aff001
Působiště autorů: University of Göttingen, J.F. Blumenbach Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, Göttingen, Germany aff001;  Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia aff002;  Bogor Agricultural University-IPB, Department of Soil Sciences and Land Resources, Bogor, Indonesia aff003;  Bogor Agricultural University-IPB, Department of Silviculture; Faculty of Forestry, Bogor, Indonesia aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224520

Souhrn

Land-use change is threatening biodiversity worldwide, affecting above and below ground animal communities by altering their trophic niches. However, shifts in trophic niches with changes in land use are little studied and this applies in particular to belowground animals. Oribatid mites are among the most abundant soil animals, involved in decomposition processes and nutrient cycling. We analyzed shifts in trophic niches of six soil-living oribatid mite species with the conversion of lowland secondary rainforest into plantation systems of different land-use intensity (jungle rubber, rubber and oil palm monoculture plantation) in two regions of southwest Sumatra, Indonesia. We measured stable isotope ratios (13C/12C and 15N/14N) of single oribatid mite individuals and calculated shifts in stable isotope niches with changes in land use. Significant changes in stable isotope ratios in three of the six studied oribatid mite species indicated that these species shift their trophic niches with changes in land use. The trophic shift was either due to changes in trophic level (δ15N values), to changes in the use of basal resources (δ13C values) or to changes in both. The trophic shift generally was most pronounced between more natural systems (rainforest and jungle rubber) on one side and monoculture plantations systems (rubber and oil palm plantations) on the other, reflecting that the shifts were related to land-use intensity. Although trophic niches of the other three studied species did not differ significantly between land-use systems they followed a similar trend. Overall, the results suggest that colonization of very different ecosystems such as rainforest and intensively managed monoculture plantations by oribatid mite species likely is related to their ability to shift their trophic niches, i.e. to trophic plasticity.

Klíčová slova:

Ecosystems – Mites – Oil palm – Predation – Rainforests – Rubber – Stable isotopes – Jungles


Zdroje

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