Molecular epidemiology of Mycoplasma hyorhinis porcine field isolates in the United States

Autoři: Maria J. Clavijo aff001;  Srinand Sreevatsan aff001;  Timothy J. Johnson aff002;  Albert Rovira aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota, United States of America aff001;  Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota, United States of America aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article


Mycoplasma hyorhinis is one of the causative agents of polyserositis and arthritis in post-weaning pigs. Here we describe the development of a multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) protocol for the characterization of M. hyorhinis field isolates. A total of 104 field isolates from different geographical locations, swine production systems, and clinical backgrounds, were analyzed. Twenty-seven genes, including housekeeping and those encoding surface proteins, were evaluated to index diversity. Genes encoding surface proteins were included to increase the discriminatory power of the MLST. Four target gene fragments were selected to be included in the final MLST-s (surface) protocol: pdhB, p95, mtlD and ung. Within each locus the nucleotide variation ranged from 1.4% to 20%. The 104 field isolates were classified into 39 distinct sequence types (STs). Multiple STs were found within the same production system and within the same pig. The majority of STs grouped strains from the same production system; however, cases existed where multiple systems shared a ST, indicating potential relationships between pig flows. The majority of the nucleotide changes observed in these genes generated synonymous changes, while non-synonymous changes were exclusively in the mtlD gene fragment, suggesting that this protein is undergoing selection. Molecular typing of M. hyorhinis will primarily aid swine practitioners with pig flow management and identifying sources of infection during outbreaks.

Klíčová slova:

Bronchi – Genetic loci – Genetic polymorphism – Nucleotide sequencing – Swine – Pericardium – Nasal cavity


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