Childhood conditions, pathways to entertainment work and current practices of female entertainment workers in Cambodia: Baseline findings from the Mobile Link trial


Autoři: Carinne Brody aff001;  Pheak Chhoun aff002;  Sovannary Tuot aff002;  Dallas Swendeman aff003;  Siyan Yi aff001
Působiště autorů: Public Health Program, College of Education and Health Sciences, Touro University California, Vallejo, CA, United States of America aff001;  KHANA Center for Population Health Research, Phnom Penh, Cambodia aff002;  Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America aff003;  Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216578

Souhrn

Background

Entertainment venues have been identified as an important location for HIV prevention due to the increasing number of young female entertainment and sex workers at these venues. The purpose of this study is to increase understanding of the childhood conditions, pathways to entertainment work and current practices of female entertainment workers (FEWs) in Cambodia.

Methods

Data used for this study were collected in April 2018 as part of the baseline survey of the Mobile Link, a randomized controlled trial to improve sexual and reproductive health of FEWs in Cambodia. We used a stratified random sampling method to recruit 600 FEWs for face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive analyses were performed.

Results

Most participants came from childhood homes without electricity (82.0%) or running water (87.0%). Most women moved to the city in the last ten years (80.5%) for economic reasons (43.7%). About a third worked in the garment industry prior to the entertainment industry (36.7%). Participation in transactional sex in the past three months was reported by 36.0%. Women reported low condom use practices with non-paying partners (23.4% used a condom at last sex), excessive and forced alcohol use at work (33.1% reported being forced to drink alcohol at work more than once a month), low modern contraception use (31.4% was using modern contraception), and experiences of gender-based violence (23.3% reported verbal threats, physical abuse or forced sex in the past six months).

Conclusions

This information will help to support the development of future individual and structural level interventions for the safety and support of FEWs. In addition, these results may contribute to an evidence base that can inform policy level changes intended to support the realization of full human rights for entertainment works in Cambodia including the rights to health, safety and respectful employment.

Klíčová slova:

Alcohol consumption – Copulation – Female contraception – HIV – Human families – Termination of pregnancy – Cambodia – Contraception


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 10