Prevalence and correlates of partner violence among adolescent girls and young women: Evidence from baseline data of a cluster randomised trial in Tanzania


Autoři: Daniel Nyato aff001;  Jacqueline Materu aff001;  Evodius Kuringe aff001;  Jeremie Zoungrana aff002;  Deusdedit Mjungu aff002;  Ruth Lemwayi aff002;  Esther Majani aff002;  Baltazar Mtenga aff001;  Soori Nnko aff001;  Grace Munisi aff002;  Amani Shao aff001;  Mwita Wambura aff001;  John Changalucha aff001;  Mary Drake aff002;  Albert Komba aff002
Působiště autorů: Department of Sexual and Reproductive Health, National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza Centre, Tanzania aff001;  Jhpiego Tanzania - An Affiliate of Johns Hopkins University, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222950

Souhrn

Background

Little has been documented about partner violence among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) who are out of school, a factor associated with HIV acquisition. To understand areas for prioritising HIV prevention intervention efforts, we explored the prevalence and correlates of partner violence among out of school AGYW in Shinyanga, Tanzania.

Methods

A cross-sectional analysis of data from AGYW aged 15–23 years recruited in a cluster randomised trial conducted between October and December 2017 was used to examine correlates of partner violence. Data were collected through an Audio Computer-Assisted Self-interview. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association.

Results

2276 (75.5%) AGYW were sexually active. Of these, 816 (35.9%) reported having experienced violence from partners in the last six months. After adjusting for other covariates, being formerly married (AOR = 1.55, 95% CI:1.02, 2.37), having children (AOR = 1.79, 95% CI:1.47, 2.16), anxiety and depression symptoms (AOR = 3.27, 95%CI: 2.15, 4.96), having engaged in sex work in the past six months (AOR = 1.92, 95% CI: 1.45, 2.53) and economic deprivation (AOR = 1.61, 95% CI: 1.34,1.92) were significantly associated with partner violence.

Conclusions

Almost one in three sexually active AGYW had experienced partner violence in the 6 months preceding the survey. The findings underscore the need for future research to focus on understanding the reasons and dynamics underlying high level of partner violence among AGYW. Furthermore, there is a need for implementing intervention programs that aim to reduce economic deprivation among AGYWs and address social norms and structures perpetuating violence against AGYW.

Trial registration

ClinicalTrials.gov—ID NCT03597243.

Klíčová slova:

Anxiety – Emotions – HIV – Children – Mental health and psychiatry – Schools – Tanzania – Sex work


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