Depth inversion with a 3D structure influences brightness perception

Autoři: Tetsuya Arai aff001;  Tomohiro Masuda aff001;  Yuka Igarashi aff002;  Keiko Omori aff002;  Yasunori Aizawa aff002;  Naoe Masuda aff005
Působiště autorů: Faculty of Human Sciences, Bunkyo University, Koshigaya-shi, Saitama, Japan aff001;  Faculty of Human Sciences, Kanagawa University, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa, Japan aff002;  College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan aff003;  Department of Functional Brain Imaging Research, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Chiba-shi, Chiba, Japan aff004;  Faculty of Letters, Keio University, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article


Whether or not depth perception influences brightness and/or lightness perception has been repeatedly discussed, and some studies have emphasized its importance. In addition, a small number of studies have empirically tested and shown the effect of depth inversion, such as seen in the Mach card illusion, on perceived lightness, and they interpreted such results in terms of lightness constancy. However, how perceived brightness changes contingent on depth inversion remains unexplained. Therefore, this study used the matching method to examine changes in brightness perception when depth inversion is observed. We created and used a three-dimensional (3D) concave object, composed of three sides made of card stock, which could be perceived as having two different shapes in 3D; it could be perceived as a horizontal concave object, corresponding to its actual physical structure, and as a convex standing object, similar in shape to a building. Participants observed this object as both a concave object and as a convex object, and judged the brightness of its surfaces during each observation. Our results show that the perception of the brightness of the object’s surfaces clearly changed depending on the perception of depth. When the object was seen as convex, one part of the surface was perceived as darker than when the object was seen as concave, but the other part of the surface remained unchanged. Here we discuss the relationship between depth perception and brightness perception in terms of perceptual organization.

Klíčová slova:

Artificial light – Computer graphics – Eyes – Chin – Light – Luminance – Psychologists – Vision


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