Modeling sediment oxygen demand in a highly productive lake under various trophic scenarios


Autoři: Thomas Steinsberger aff001;  Beat Müller aff001;  Christoph Gerber aff001;  Babak Shafei aff001;  Martin Schmid aff001
Působiště autorů: Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Switzerland aff001;  Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zürich, Switzerland aff002;  Land and Water, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Glen Osmond, SA, Australia aff003;  AquaNRG Consulting Inc, Houston, Texas, United States of America aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222318

Souhrn

Hypolimnetic oxygen depletion in lakes is a widespread problem and is mainly controlled by the sediment oxygen uptake (SOU) and flux of reduced substances out of the sediments (Fred). Especially in eutrophic lakes, Fred may constitute a major fraction of the areal hypolimnetic mineralization rate, but its size and source is often poorly understood. Using a diagenetic reaction-transport model supported by a large data set of sediment porewater concentrations, bulk sediment core data and lake monitoring data, the behavior of Fred was simulated in eutrophic Lake Baldegg. Transient boundary conditions for the gross sedimentation of total organic carbon and for hypolimnetic O2 concentrations were applied to simulate the eutrophication and re-oligotrophication history of the lake. According to the model, Fred is dominated by methanogenesis, where up to70% to the total CH4 is produced from sediments older than 20 years deposited during the time of permanent anoxia between 1890 and 1982. An implementation of simplified seasonal variations of the upper boundary conditions showed that their consideration is not necessary for the assessment of annual average fluxes in long-term simulations. Four lake management scenarios were then implemented to investigate the future development of Fred and SOU until 2050 under different boundary conditions. A comparison of three trophic scenarios showed that further reduction of the lake productivity to at least a mesotrophic state is required to significantly decrease Fred and SOU from the present state. Conversely, a termination of artificial aeration at the present trophic state would result in high rates of organic matter deposition and a long-term increase of Fred from the sediments of Lake Baldegg.

Klíčová slova:

Lakes – Oxidation – Oxygen – Seasonal variations – Seasons – Sediment – Sedimentation – Ultracentrifugation


Zdroje

1. Schwefel R, Steinsberger T, Bouffard D, Bryant LD, Müller B, Wüest A. Using small-scale measurements to estimate hypolimnetic oxygen depletion in a deep lake. Limnol Oceanogr. 2018;63(S1):S54–S67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lno.10723.

2. Steinsberger T, Schmid M, Wüest A, Schwefel R, Wehrli B, Müller B. Organic carbon mass accumulation rate regulates the flux of reduced substances from the sediments of deep lakes. Biogeosciences. 2017;14(13):3275–85. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-3275-2017.

3. Müller B, Bryant LD, Matzinger A, Wüest A. Hypolimnetic oxygen depletion in eutrophic lakes. Environ Sci Technol. 2012;46(18):9964–71. doi: 10.1021/es301422r 22871037

4. Sweerts J-PR, Baer-Gilissen MJ, Cornelese AA, Cappenberg TE. Oxygen-consuming processes at the profundal and littoral sediment-water interface of a small meso-eutrophic lake(Lake Vechten, The Netherlands). Limnol Oceanogr. 1991;36(6):1124–33. http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.1991.36.6.1124.

5. Martin P, Goddeeris B, Martens K. Oxygen concentration profiles in soft sediment of Lake Baikal (Russia) near the Selenga delta. Freshwat Biol. 1993;29(3):343–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1993.tb00768.x.

6. Carey CC, Doubek JP, McClure RP, Hanson PC. Oxygen dynamics control the burial of organic carbon in a eutrophic reservoir. Limnology and Oceanography Letters. 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lol2.10057.

7. Matzinger A, Müller B, Niederhauser P, Schmid M, Wüest A. Hypolimnetic oxygen consumption by sediment-based reduced substances in former eutrophic lakes. Limnol Oceanogr. 2010;55(5):2073–84. http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2010.55.5.2073.

8. Van Cappellen P, Wang Y. Cycling of iron and manganese in surface sediments; a general theory for the coupled transport and reaction of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, iron, and manganese. Am J Sci. 1996;296(3):197–243. http://dx.doi.org/10.2475/ajs.296.3.197

9. Couture R-M, Shafei B, Van Cappellen P, Tessier A, Gobeil C. Non-Steady State Modeling of Arsenic Diagenesis in Lake Sediments. Environ Sci Technol. 2010;44(1):197–203. doi: 10.1021/es902077q 19957997

10. Dittrich M, Wehrli B, Reichert P. Lake sediments during the transient eutrophication period: Reactive-transport model and identifiability study. Ecol Model. 2009;220(20):2751–69. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.07.015.

11. Couture R-M, Fischer R, Van Cappellen P, Gobeil C. Non-steady state diagenesis of organic and inorganic sulfur in lake sediments. Geochim Cosmochim Acta. 2016;194:15–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2016.08.029.

12. Sobek S, Durisch-Kaiser E, Zurbrügg R, Wongfun N, Wessels M, Pasche N, et al. Organic carbon burial efficiency in lake sediments controlled by oxygen exposure time and sediment source. Limnol Oceanogr. 2009;54(6):2243–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2009.54.6.2243.

13. Koretsky CM, Haas JR, Miller D, Ndenga NT. Seasonal variations in pore water and sediment geochemistry of littoral lake sediments(Asylum Lake, MI, USA). Geochem Trans. 2006;7(11).

14. Moosmann L, Gächter R, Müller B, Wüest A. Is phosphorus retention in autochthonous lake sediments controlled by oxygen or phosphorus? Limnol Oceanogr. 2006;51(1):763–71.

15. Lotter AF, Sturm M, Teranes JL, Wehrli B. Varve formation since 1885 and high-resolution varve analyses in hypertrophic Baldeggersee (Switzerland). Aquat Sci. 1997;59(4):304–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02522361.

16. Schaller T, Moor HC, Wehrli B. Sedimentary profiles of Fe, Mn, V, Cr, As and Mo as indicators of benthic redox conditions in Baldeggersee. Aquat Sci. 1997;59(4):345–61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02522363.

17. Aguilera DR, Jourabchi P, Spiteri C, Regnier P. A knowledge‐based reactive transport approach for the simulation of biogeochemical dynamics in Earth systems. Geochem Geophys Geosyst. 2005;6(7). http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2004GC000899.

18. Boudreau BP. Diagenetic models and their implementation: modelling transport and reactions in aquatic sediments: Springer, New York; 1997.

19. Katsev S, Dittrich M. Modeling of decadal scale phosphorus retention in lake sediment under varying redox conditions. Ecol Model. 2013;251:246–59. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.12.008.

20. Katsev S, Tsandev I, L'Heureux I, Rancourt DG. Factors controlling long-term phosphorus efflux from lake sediments: Exploratory reactive-transport modeling. Chem Geol. 2006;234(1):127–47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2006.05.001.

21. Müller B, Wang Y, Dittrich M, Wehrli B. Influence of organic carbon decomposition on calcite dissolution in surficial sediments of a freshwater lake. Water Res. 2003;37(18):4524–32. doi: 10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00381-6 14511723

22. Epping EH, Helder W. Oxygen budgets calculated from in situ oxygen microprofiles for Northern Adriatic sediments. Cont Shelf Res. 1997;17(14):1737–64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0278-4343(97)00039-3.

23. Schaller T, Moor HC, Wehrli B. Reconstructing the iron cycle from the horizontal distribution of metals in the sediment of Baldeggersee. Aquat Sci. 1997;59(4):326–44. 10.1007/BF02522362.

24. Canfield DE, Thamdrup B. Towards a consistent classification scheme for geochemical environments, or, why we wish the term ‘suboxic’ would go away. Geobiology. 2009;7(4):385–92. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-4669.2009.00214.x 19702823

25. Wehrli B, Lotter A, Schaller T, Sturm M. High-resolution varve studies in Baldeggersee (Switzerland): project overview and limnological background data. Aquat Sci. 1997;59(4):285–94. http://doi.org/10.1007/BF02522359.

26. Gächter R, Wehrli B. Ten years of artificial mixing and oxygenation: no effect on the internal phosphorus loading of two eutrophic lakes. Environ Sci Technol. 1998;32(23):3659–65.

27. Schaller T, Wehrli B. Geochemical-focusing of manganese in lake sediments—An indicator of deep-water oxygen conditions. Aquatic Geochemistry. 1996;2(4):359–78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00115977.

28. Bloesch J, Uehlinger U. Horizontal sedimentation differences in a eutrophic Swiss lake. Limnol Oceanogr. 1986;31(5):1094–109. http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.1986.31.5.1094.

29. Berg P, Rysgaard S, Thamdrup B. Dynamic modeling of early diagenesis and nutrient cycling. A case study in an artic marine sediment. Am J Sci. 2003;303(10):905–55. 10.2475/ajs.303.10.905

30. Norði Kà, Thamdrup B, Schubert CJ. Anaerobic oxidation of methane in an iron-rich Danish freshwater lake sediment. Limnol Oceanogr. 2013;58(2):546–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2013.58.2.0546.

31. Beal EJ, House CH, Orphan VJ. Manganese- and Iron-Dependent Marine Methane Oxidation. Science. 2009;325(5937):184–7. doi: 10.1126/science.1169984 19589998

32. Smemo KA, Yavitt JB. Evidence for Anaerobic CH 4 Oxidation in Freshwater Peatlands. Geomicrobiol J. 2007;24(7–8):583–97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01490450701672083.

33. Schubert CJ, Diem T, Eugster W. Methane Emissions from a Small Wind Shielded Lake Determined by Eddy Covariance, Flux Chambers, Anchored Funnels, and Boundary Model Calculations: A Comparison. Environ Sci Technol. 2012;46(8):4515–22. doi: 10.1021/es203465x 22436104

34. Urban NR, Dinkel C, Wehrli B. Solute transfer across the sediment surface of a eutrophic lake: I. Porewater profiles from dialysis samplers. Aquat Sci. 1997;59(1):1–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02522546.


Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 10

Nejčtenější v tomto čísle

Tomuto tématu se dále věnují…


Kurzy

Zvyšte si kvalifikaci online z pohodlí domova

Léčba bolesti v ordinaci praktického lékaře
nový kurz
Autoři: MUDr. PhDr. Zdeňka Nováková, Ph.D.

Revmatoidní artritida: včas a k cíli
Autoři: MUDr. Heřman Mann

Jistoty a nástrahy antikoagulační léčby aneb kardiolog - neurolog - farmakolog - nefrolog - právník diskutují
Autoři: doc. MUDr. Štěpán Havránek, Ph.D., prof. MUDr. Roman Herzig, Ph.D., doc. MUDr. Karel Urbánek, Ph.D., prim. MUDr. Jan Vachek, MUDr. et Mgr. Jolana Těšínová, Ph.D.

Léčba akutní pooperační bolesti
Autoři: doc. MUDr. Jiří Málek, CSc.

Nové antipsychotikum kariprazin v léčbě schizofrenie
Autoři: prof. MUDr. Cyril Höschl, DrSc., FRCPsych.

Všechny kurzy
Kurzy Doporučená témata Časopisy
Přihlášení
Zapomenuté heslo

Nemáte účet?  Registrujte se

Zapomenuté heslo

Zadejte e-mailovou adresu se kterou jste vytvářel(a) účet, budou Vám na ni zaslány informace k nastavení nového hesla.

Přihlášení

Nemáte účet?  Registrujte se