Cows painted with zebra-like striping can avoid biting fly attack


Autoři: Tomoki Kojima aff001;  Kazato Oishi aff002;  Yasushi Matsubara aff001;  Yuki Uchiyama aff001;  Yoshihiko Fukushima aff001;  Naoto Aoki aff001;  Say Sato aff001;  Tatsuaki Masuda aff001;  Junichi Ueda aff001;  Hiroyuki Hirooka aff002;  Katsutoshi Kino aff001
Působiště autorů: Animal Husbandry Division, Aichi Agricultural Research Center, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan aff001;  Laboratory of Animal Husbandry Resources, Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan aff002;  Aichi Veterinary Association, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223447

Souhrn

Experimental and comparative studies suggest that the striped coats of zebras can prevent biting fly attacks. Biting flies are serious pests of livestock that cause economic losses in animal production. We hypothesized that cows painted with black and white stripes on their body could avoid biting fly attacks and show fewer fly-repelling behaviors. Six Japanese Black cows were assigned to treatments using a 3 × 3 Latin-square design. The treatments were black-and-white painted stripes, black painted stripes, and no stripes (all-black body surface). Recorded fly-repelling behaviors were head throw, ear beat, leg stamp, skin twitch, and tail flick. Photo images of the right side of each cow were taken using a commercial digital camera after every observation and biting flies on the body and each leg were counted from the photo images. Here we show that the numbers of biting flies on Japanese Black cows painted with black-and-white stripes were significantly lower than those on non-painted cows and cows painted only with black stripes. The frequencies of fly-repelling behaviors in cows painted with black-and-white stripes were also lower than those in the non-painted and black-striped cows. These results thus suggest that painting black-and-white stripes on livestock such as cattle can prevent biting fly attacks and provide an alternative method of defending livestock against biting flies without using pesticides in animal production, thereby proposing a solution for the problem of pesticide resistance in the environment.

Klíčová slova:

Cattle – Ears – Horses – Livestock – Pesticides – Zebras – Pest control – Animal production


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2019 Číslo 10

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