Differentiating electrophysiological indices of internal and external performance monitoring: Relationship with perfectionism and locus of control

Autoři: Alexandra M. Muir aff001;  Kaylie A. Carbine aff001;  Jayden Goodwin aff001;  Ariana Hedges-Muncy aff001;  Tanja Endrass aff002;  Michael J. Larson aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, United States of America aff001;  Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany aff002;  Neuroscience Center, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, United States of America aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0219883


The impact of individual differences on performance monitoring and psychopathology is a question of active debate. Personality traits associated with psychopathology may be related to poor internal performance monitoring (as measured by the error-related negativity [ERN]) but intact external performance monitoring (as measured by the reward positivity [RewP]), suggesting that there are underlying neural differences between internal and external performance monitoring processes. We tested the relationships between individual difference measures of perfectionism, locus of control, and ERN, error-positivity (Pe), and RewP component difference amplitude in a healthy undergraduate sample. A total of 128 participants (69 female, M(SD)age = 20.6(2.0) years) completed two tasks: a modified version of the Eriksen Flanker and a doors gambling task along with the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism scale, the Rotter Locus of Control scale, and the Levenson Multidimensional Locus of Control scale to quantify perfectionism and locus of control traits, respectively. Linear regressions adjusting for age and gender showed that neither ΔERN nor ΔRewP amplitude were significantly moderated by perfectionism or locus of control scores. Findings suggest that, in psychiatrically-healthy individuals, there is not a strong link between perfectionism, locus of control, and ERN or RewP amplitude. Future research on individual difference measures in people with psychopathology may provide further insight into how these personality traits affect performance monitoring.

Klíčová slova:

Cognitive psychology – Depression – Event-related potentials – Linear regression analysis – Personality traits – Quantitative trait loci – Research monitoring – Undergraduates


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