Coming and going – Historical distributions of the European oyster Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758 and the introduced slipper limpet Crepidula fornicata Linnaeus, 1758 in the North Sea


Autoři: Sarah Hayer aff001;  Andreas Bick aff002;  Angelika Brandt aff003;  Christine Ewers-Saucedo aff001;  Dieter Fiege aff003;  Susanne Füting aff005;  Ben Krause-Kyora aff006;  Peter Michalik aff007;  Götz-Bodo Reinicke aff008;  Dirk Brandis aff001
Působiště autorů: Zoological Museum, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany aff001;  Zoological Collections of the University Rostock, Institut for Biosciences, General and Systematic Zoology, Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany aff002;  Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Hessen, Germany aff003;  Evolution and Diversity, Institut for Ecology, Goethe-University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Hessen, Germany aff004;  Museum for Nature and Environment, Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany aff005;  Institut of Clinical Molecular Biology (IKMB), Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany aff006;  Zoological Museum of the University Greifswald, Greifswald, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany aff007;  German Oceanographic Museum, Stralsund, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany aff008
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224249

Souhrn

Natural history collections are fundamental for biodiversity research as well as for any applied environment-related research. These collections can be seen as archives of earth´s life providing the basis to address highly relevant scientific questions such as how biodiversity changes in certain environments, either through evolutionary processes in a geological timescale, or by man-made transformation of habitats throughout the last decades and/or centuries. A prominent example is the decline of the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis Linneaus, 1758 in the North Sea and the concomitant invasion of the common limpet slipper Crepidula fornicata, which has been implicated to have negative effects on O. edulis. We used collections to analyse population changes in both species in the North Sea. In order to reconstruct the change in distribution and diversity over the past 200 years, we combined the temporal and spatial information recorded with the collected specimens contained in several European natural history collections. Our data recover the decline of O. edulis in the North Sea from the 19th century to the present and the process of invasion of C. fornicata. Importantly, the decline of O. edulis was nearly completed before C. fornicata appeared in the North Sea, suggesting that the latter had nothing to do with the local extinction of O. edulis in the North Sea.

Klíčová slova:

Europe – German people – Invasive species – Museum collections – Oysters – Species extinction – Zoology – Oyster farming


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