Prosthesis design of animal models of periprosthetic joint infection following total knee arthroplasty: A systematic review


Autoři: Ke Jie aff001;  Peng Deng aff001;  Houran Cao aff001;  Wenjun Feng aff002;  Jinlun Chen aff002;  Yirong Zeng aff002
Působiště autorů: The First Clinical Medical College, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China aff001;  The Third Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223402

Souhrn

Background

The number of periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing annually. Animal models have been used to clarify their clinical characteristics and the infection mechanism of pathogenic bacteria, However, since the prosthesis design of animal models is not uniform, it is difficult to simulate the environment of clinical PJI.

Objectives

To retrospect the progress on the prosthesis design of animal models of PJI after TKA and to summarize the criteria for evaluating a clinically representative model of PJI.

Methods

This systematic review was reported on the basis of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA). Pubmed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wanfang Data and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were researched for animal models of PJI after TKA from database establishment to April 2019 according to Chinese and English retrieval words, including “periprosthetic joint infections and total knee arthroplasty,” “periprosthetic joint infections and model,” “periprosthetic joint infections and biofilm,” and “total knee arthroplasty and model.”

Results

A total of 12 quantitative studies were enrolled in our study finally: 8 representative studies described prosthesis designs used in PJI animal models, 4 studies described prosthesis designs in non-infected animal models which were suitable for infection models. The major problems need to be dealed with were prosthesis, installation location, material, the function of separating the articular and medullary cavity, fixation manner, and the procedure of preserving the posterior cruciate ligament.

Conclusion

A highly representative design of the animal prosthesis of PJI should meet the following criteria: the surface of the prosthesis is smooth with the formation of biofilm, composed of titanium-6Al-4V or cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy; prosthesis can bear weight and is highly stable; and it can connect the joint cavity and medullary cavity simultaneously. To reach a more reliable conclusion, further experiments and improvements are required.

Klíčová slova:

Animal models – Knee joints – Ligaments – Medical implants – Prosthetics – Rabbits – Animal models of infection – Total knee arthroplasty


Zdroje

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