Anabolic steroids among resistance training practitioners

Autoři: Ericson Pereira aff001;  Samuel Jorge Moyses aff002;  Sergio Aparecido Ignacio aff002;  Daniel Komarchewski Mendes aff001;  Diego Sgarbi da Silva aff002;  Everdan Carneiro aff002;  Ana Maria Trindade Grégio Hardy aff003;  Edvaldo Antônio Ribeiro Rosa aff002;  Patricia Vida Cassi Bettega aff001;  Aline Cristina Batista Rodrigues Johann aff002
Působiště autorů: Department of Physical Education, Graduate Program, Life Sciences School, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil aff001;  Department of Dentistry, Graduate Program, Life Sciences School, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil aff002;  Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, United States of America aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223384



To compare the use of anabolic steroids (AS), the motivation to use them, their side effects, the source of information and the form in which AS were obtained, the medical follow-up, and the periodic examinations in resistance training practitioners who are either current or former users of AS.


A prevalence survey was performed in the gyms of the city of Curitiba, including 719 current and former AS users who self-administered a questionnaire. The chi-square and z of proportions (p <0.05) statistical tests were conducted.


Esthetics was the main motivation associated with AS intake, leading to satisfactory results. The information about the form in which to use AS was provided by doctors and AS were either purchased at the pharmacy with a prescription or illegally. Current users reported a higher number of cycles and doses, a longer duration of use, as well as larger economical investments into AS. This shows a higher consumption of such drugs, regardless of the medical follow-up and post-cycle therapy.


Given that a change in the usage pattern was observed when increasing the AS consumption, this should be considered in the elaboration of public policies to inhibit such a trend.

Klíčová slova:

Acne – Adverse reactions – Drug information – Hypertension – Medical doctors – Strength training – Testosterone – Propionates


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