Integrated approaches to identifying cryptic bat species in areas of high endemism: The case of Rhinolophus andamanensis in the Andaman Islands


Autoři: Chelmala Srinivasulu aff001;  Aditya Srinivasulu aff003;  Bhargavi Srinivasulu aff001;  Gareth Jones aff004
Působiště autorů: Natural History Museum and Wildlife Biology & Taxonomy Lab, Department of Zoology, University College of Science, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India aff001;  Systematics, Ecology & Conservation Laboratory, Zoo Outreach Organisation (ZOO), Saravanampatti, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India aff002;  Biodiversity Research and Conservation Society, Tirumalgiri, Secunderabad, Telangana, India aff003;  School of Biological Sciences, Bristol, United Kingdom aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0213562

Souhrn

The diversity of bats worldwide includes large numbers of cryptic species, partly because divergence in acoustic traits such as echolocation calls are under stronger selection than differences in visual appearance in these nocturnal mammals. Island faunas often contain disproportionate numbers of endemic species, and hence we might expect cryptic, endemic species to be discovered relatively frequently in bats inhabiting islands. Species are best defined when multiple lines of evidence supports their diagnosis. Here we use morphometric, acoustic, and molecular phylogenetic data to show that a horseshoe bat in the Andaman Islands is distinct in all three aspects, supporting its status as a distinct species. We recommend investigation into possible new and endemic bat species on islands by using integrated approaches that provide independent lines of evidence for taxonomic distinctiveness. We provide a formal redescription of the taxon newly raised to species level, Rhinolophus andamanensis Dobson, 1872.

Klíčová slova:

Bats – Ears – Echolocation – Islands – Morphometry – Phylogenetic analysis – Skull – Cryptic speciation


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PLOS One


2019 Číslo 10

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