Because you had a bad day: General and daily relations between reactive temperament, emotion regulation, and depressive symptoms in youth

Autoři: Marie-Lotte Van Beveren aff001;  Sofie Kuppens aff002;  Benjamin Hankin aff003;  Caroline Braet aff003
Působiště autorů: Department of Developmental, Personality, and Social Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, East-Flanders, Belgium aff001;  Social Research Methodology Group, Centre for Sociological Research, KU Leuven, Leuven, Flemish-Brabant, Belgium aff002;  Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, Illinois, United States of America aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224126


Negative emotionality (NE) and positive emotionality (PE) have repeatedly shown to act as vulnerability factors for youth depression. Less research examined the mechanisms through which these reactive temperament traits may differently confer vulnerability to depression. Based on recent integrated models of depression proposing emotion regulation as a key underlying mechanism, the current study aimed to clarify the general and day-to-day relations among temperament, emotion regulation strategies, and depressive symptoms in Dutch-speaking youth (35% boys; Mage = 13.27 years, SD = 1.98) using a cross-sectional (n = 495) and a 7-day daily diary design (n = 469). Self-reported temperament, trait rumination, trait positive refocusing, and depressive symptoms were measured at baseline. State rumination, state positive refocusing, and depressive symptoms were further assessed daily. Whereas results revealed that NE and PE interacted in predicting baseline and daily depressive symptoms, the cross-sectional analyses provide preliminary evidence for the hypothesis that NE and PE each provide unique pathways for understanding vulnerability to depression. Additional analyses in the daily diary study showed NE to be significantly related to trajectories of state rumination. Results contribute to a more nuanced understanding of the associations between temperament, emotion regulation strategies, and depressive symptoms in youth.

Klíčová slova:

Adolescents – Behavior – Cognition – Cognitive psychology – Cross-sectional studies – Depression – Emotions – Psychological stress


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