Quantitative analysis of the bilateral coordination and gait asymmetry using inertial measurement unit-based gait analysis


Autoři: Seung Hwan Han aff001;  Chang Oh Kim aff002;  Kwang Joon Kim aff002;  Jeanhong Jeon aff001;  Hsienhao Chang aff001;  Eun Seo Kim aff001;  Hoon Park aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea aff001;  Division of Geriatrics, Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222913

Souhrn

Inertial measurement unit (IMU)-based gait analysis can be used to quantitatively analyze the bilateral coordination and gait asymmetry (GA). The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in bilateral coordination and GA due to gait speed using an IMU based gait analysis and identify spatiotemporal factors affecting bilateral coordination and GA. Eighty healthy adults (40 men and 40 women) participated in the study. The mean age was 26.2 years, and the mean body mass index was 22.8 kg/m2. Three different walking speeds (80%, 100%, and 120% of preferred walking speed) on a treadmill were applied for 1 min of continuous level walking using a shoe-type IMU-based gait analysis system. The phase coordination index (PCI) and GA were calculated on three different walking speeds. Several variables (gait speed, height, body mass index, cadence, and step length) were analyzed as possible factors affecting the PCI and GA. Bilateral coordination and GA improved during fast walking (p = 0.005 and p = 0.019, respectively) and deteriorated during slow walking (p<0.001 and p = 0.008, respectively), compared with the participants’ preferred walking speeds. The correlation analysis revealed that PCI was negatively correlated with step length at each walking condition and lower gait speed was negatively correlated with PCI and GA during slow walking. Both bilateral coordination and GA had a negative linear relationship with gait speed, showing an improvement in the fast walking condition and deterioration in the slow walking condition. Step length was the factor associated with the change in the bilateral coordination.

Klíčová slova:

Data acquisition – Feet – Gait analysis – Inertia – Legs – Parkinson disease – Walking – Young adults


Zdroje

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PLOS One


2019 Číslo 10

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