Application of tuned liquid column ball damper (TLCBD) for improved vibration control performance of multi-storey structure

Autoři: Muhammad Tanveer aff001;  Muhammad Usman aff001;  Imdad Ullah Khan aff001;  Shakil Ahmad aff001;  Asad Hanif aff002;  Syed Hassan Farooq aff001
Působiště autorů: School of Civil & Environmental Engineering, National University of Science and Technology (NUST), Sector H-12, Islamabad, Pakistan aff001;  Institute of Applied Physics and Materials Engineering, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macau S.A.R China aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article


Tuned liquid column ball damper (TLCBD) is a passive control device used for controlling the building vibrations induced from wind or earthquakes. TLCBD is a modified form of conventional tuned liquid column damper (TLCD). This paper studies the effect of TLCBD on the four-storey steel frame structure. The performance of the TLCBD is also compared with conventional TLCD. The analytical model of both TLCD and TLCBD is presented here. The effectiveness of these analytical models is examined experimentally by series of shaking table tests under different excitation levels including harmonic loadings and seismic excitations. In TLCBD, the vibration is reduced significantly as compared to TLCD by using steel ball as a moving orifice. The difference in diameter of steel ball and tube, containing the liquid column, acts as an orifice which moves with the movement of the ball. This moving orifice phenomenon enhanced the vibration reduction effect by resisting the water motion in the TLCBD. Root mean square (RMS) and peak values of acceleration were calculated for each loading and each storey of uncontrolled and controlled structures. Comparison of the time histories of controlled and uncontrolled structures for different loadings is also reported. Results indicate that the TLCBD is more effective in the earthquake scenarios as compared to the harmonic excitations. The TLCBD controls the vibration of the primary structure significantly in vibration reduction.

Klíčová slova:

Accelerometers – Built structures – Resonance frequency – Steel – Stiffness – Vibration – Vibration engineering – Equations of motion


1. Balendra T, Wang CM, Rakesh G. Effectiveness of TLCD on various structural systems. Eng Struct. 1999;21: 291–305. doi: 10.1016/S0141-0296(97)00156-9

2. Jangid RS, Datta TK. Performance of base isolation systems for asymmetric building subject to random excitation. Eng Struct. 1995;17: 443–454. doi: 10.1016/0141-0296(95)00054-B

3. Kwok KCS, Samali B. Performance of tuned mass dampers under wind loads. Eng Struct. 1995;17: 655–667. doi: 10.1016/0141-0296(95)00035-6

4. Tamura Y, Fujii K, Ohtsuki T, Wakahara T, Kohsaka R. Effectiveness of tuned liquid dampers under wind excitation. Eng Struct. 1995;17: 609–621. doi: 10.1016/0141-0296(95)00031-2

5. Balendra T, Wang CM, Cheong HF. Effectiveness of tuned liquid column dampers for vibration control of towers. Eng Struct. 1995;17: 668–675. doi: 10.1016/0141-0296(95)00036-7

6. Balendra T, Wang C., Yan N. Control of wind-excited towers by active tuned liquid column damper. Eng Struct. 2001;23: 1054–1067. doi: 10.1016/S0141-0296(01)00015-3

7. Yalla SK, Kareem A. Optimum Absorber Parameters for Tuned Liquid Column Dampers. J Struct Eng. 2000;126: 906–915. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2000)126:8(906)

8. Das S, Choudhury S. Seismic response control by tuned liquid dampers for low-rise RC frame buildings. Aust J Struct Eng. 2017;18: 135–145. doi: 10.1080/13287982.2017.1351180

9. Gao H, Kwok KCS, Samali B. Optimization of tuned liquid column dampers. Eng Struct. 1997;19: 476–486. doi: 10.1016/S0141-0296(96)00099-5

10. Chen J-L, Georgakis CT. Spherical tuned liquid damper for vibration control in wind turbines. J Vib Control. 2015;21: 1875–1885. doi: 10.1177/1077546313495911

11. Xu YL, Samali B, Kwok KCS. Control of Along‐Wind Response of Structures by Mass and Liquid Dampers. J Eng Mech. 1992;118: 20–39. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9399(1992)118:1(20)

12. Haroun MA, Pires JA, Won AYJ. Suppression of Environmentally-Induced Vibrations in Tall Buildings by Hybrid Liquid Column Dampers. Struct Des Tall Build. 1996;5: 45–54. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1794(199603)5:1<45::AID-TAL58>3.0.CO;2-F

13. Huo L-S, Li H-N. Torsionally Coupled Response Control of Structures Using Circular Tuned Liquid Column Dampers.: 11.

14. Sadek F, Mohraz B, Lew HS. Single- and multiple-tuned liquid column dampers for seismic applications. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn. 1998;27: 439–463. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9845(199805)27:5<439::AID-EQE730>3.0.CO;2–8

15. Gao H, Kwok KSC, Samali B. Characteristics of multiple tuned liquid column dampers in suppressing structural vibration. Eng Struct. 1999;21: 316–331. doi: 10.1016/S0141-0296(97)00183-1

16. Zhu F, Wang J-T, Jin F, Lu L-Q. Real-time hybrid simulation of full-scale tuned liquid column dampers to control multi-order modal responses of structures. Eng Struct. 2017;138: 74–90. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.02.004

17. Yalla SK, Kareem A, Kantor JC. Semi-active tuned liquid column dampers for vibration control of structures. Eng Struct. 2001;23: 1469–1479. doi: 10.1016/S0141-0296(01)00047-5

18. Sonmez E, Nagarajaiah S, Sun C, Basu B. A study on semi-active Tuned Liquid Column Dampers (sTLCDs) for structural response reduction under random excitations. J Sound Vib. 2016;362: 1–15. doi: 10.1016/j.jsv.2015.09.020

19. Wang JY, Ni YQ, Ko JM, Spencer BF. Magneto-rheological tuned liquid column dampers (MR-TLCDs) for vibration mitigation of tall buildings: modelling and analysis of open-loop control. Comput Struct. 2005;83: 2023–2034. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruc.2005.03.011

20. Ni YQ, Ying ZG, Wang JY, Ko JM, Spencer BF. Stochastic optimal control of wind-excited tall buildings using semi-active MR-TLCDs. Probabilistic Eng Mech. 2004;19: 269–277. doi: 10.1016/j.probengmech.2004.02.010

21. Park B, Lee Y, Park M, Ju YK. Vibration control of a structure by a tuned liquid column damper with embossments. Eng Struct. 2018;168: 290–299. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.04.074

22. Pandey DK, Sharma MK, Mishra SK. A compliant tuned liquid damper for controlling seismic vibration of short period structures. Mech Syst Signal Process. 2019;132: 405–428. doi: 10.1016/j.ymssp.2019.07.002

23. Koo J-H, Jang D-D, Usman M, Jung H-J. A feasibility study on smart base isolation systems using magneto-rheological elastomers. Struct Eng Mech. 2009;32: 755–770. doi: 10.12989/sem.2009.32.6.755

24. Usman M, Jang D-D, Kim I-H, Jung H-J, Koo J-H. Dynamic Testing and Modeling of Magneto-Rheological Elastomers. Volume 1: Active Materials, Mechanics and Behavior; Modeling, Simulation and Control. Oxnard, California, USA: ASME; 2009. pp. 495–500. doi: 10.1115/SMASIS2009-1348

25. Ying ZG, Ni YQ, Ko JM. Semi-active optimal control of linearized systems with multi-degree of freedom and application. J Sound Vib. 2005;279: 373–388. doi: 10.1016/j.jsv.2003.11.004

26. Hochrainer MJ, Ziegler F. Control of tall building vibrations by sealed tuned liquid column dampers. Struct Control Health Monit. 2006;13: 980–1002. doi: 10.1002/stc.90

27. Khalid B, Ziegler F. A novel aseismic foundation system for multipurpose asymmetric buildings. Arch Appl Mech. 2012;82: 1423–1437. doi: 10.1007/s00419-012-0667-8

28. Di Matteo A, Furtmüller T, Adam C, Pirrotta A. Optimal design of tuned liquid column dampers for seismic response control of base-isolated structures. Acta Mech. 2018;229: 437–454. doi: 10.1007/s00707-017-1980-7

29. Khan BL, Azeem M, Usman M, Farooq SH, Hanif A, Fawad M. Effect of near and far Field Earthquakes on performance of various base isolation systems. Procedia Struct Integr. 2019;18: 108–118. doi: 10.1016/j.prostr.2019.08.145

30. Al-Saif KA, Aldakkan KA, Foda MA. Modified liquid column damper for vibration control of structures. Int J Mech Sci. 2011;53: 505–512. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2011.04.007

31. Gur S, Roy K, Mishra SK. Tuned liquid column ball damper for seismic vibration control: TUNED LIQUID COLUMN BALL DAMPER. Struct Control Health Monit. 2015;22: 1325–1342. doi: 10.1002/stc.1740

32. Gupta A, Kakulate M, Jopale A. Spring Loaded Liquid Column Ball Damper for Vibration Control with Forced Vibration. 2017;5: 7.

33. Pandey DK, Mishra SK. Moving orifice circular liquid column damper for controlling torsionally coupled vibration. J Fluids Struct. 2018;82: 357–374. doi: 10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2018.07.015

34. Inamdar NJ. Educational Shaking Table Modules for Earthquake Engineering, Masters Dissertation, University of Texas, 2010.

35. Mišljen P, Matijevi´c M, Despotovi´c Ž. Modeling and Control of Bulk Material Flow on the Electromagnetic Vibratory Feeder. Automatika. 2016;57: 936–947. doi: 10.7305/automatika.2017.03.1766

36. Ali A, Sandhu T, Usman M. Ambient Vibration Testing of a Pedestrian Bridge Using Low-Cost Accelerometers for SHM Applications. Smart Cities. 2019;2: 20–30. doi: 10.3390/smartcities2010002

Článek vyšel v časopise


2019 Číslo 10
Nejčtenější tento týden