C-reactive protein to albumin ratio predicts the outcome in renal cell carcinoma: A meta-analysis


Autoři: Wei Zhou aff001;  Guang-lin Zhang aff002
Působiště autorů: Department of Urology, Huangshi Central Hospital (Pu Ai Hospital), Affiliated Hospital of Hubei Polytechnic University, Edong Healthcare Group, Huangshi, Hubei,China aff001;  Department of Abdominal and Pelvic Medical Oncology II ward, Huangshi Central Hospital (Pu Ai Hospital), Affiliated Hospital of Hubei Polytechnic University, Edong Healthcare Group, Huangshi, Hubei, China aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224266

Souhrn

Background

Growing evidence has revealed that pretreatment C-reactive protein to albumin ratio (CAR) are associated with prognosis for patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, inconsistent findings have been reported, which promote us to summarize the global predicting role of CAR for survival in RCC patients.

Methods

Two reviewers independently retrieved the literature on EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library databases for eligible studies evaluating the associations of CAR with survival. Data related to the overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), progress-free survival (PFS), and clinicopathological features were extracted and pooled using meta-analysis with fixed or random- effect models when applicable.

Results

Eight studies including 2,829 patients were analyzed in the present study. High pretreatment CAR was associated with worse OS (pooled HR: 2.14, 95% CI = 1.64–2.79, p < 0.001) and DFS/PFS (pooled HR: 1.75, 95% CI: 1.31–2.35, P < 0.001). Moreover, high CAR was correlated with performance status (≥ 1), tumor location (left), Fuhrman grade (3–4), TNM stage (III-IV), T stage (T3-4), N stage (N1), M stage (M1), tumor necrosis (yes), venous thrombus (positive), metastasis at diagnosis (yes), NLR (> median), and PLR (> median).

Conclusion

High pretreatment CAR is effectively predictive of worse survival in patients with RCC and could be a prognostic biomarker for those patients.

Klíčová slova:

Albumins – Histology – Inflammation – Metaanalysis – Metastasis – Renal cell carcinoma – Surgical and invasive medical procedures – Surgical oncology


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2019 Číslo 10