Experimental characterization of two archaeal inosine 5'-monophosphate cyclohydrolases

Autoři: Caroline A. Hunter aff001;  Nicholas I. Plymale aff001;  Kevin M. Smee aff001;  Catherine A. Sarisky aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Chemistry, Roanoke College, Salem, Virginia, United States of America aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223983


There is variability as to how archaea catalyze the final step of de novo purine biosynthesis to form inosine 5’-monophosphate (IMP) from 5-formamidoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (FAICAR). Although non-archaea almost uniformly use the bifunctional PurH protein, which has an N-terminal IMP cyclohydrolase (PurH2) fused to a C-terminal folate-dependent aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR) formyltransferase (PurH1) domain, a survey of the genomes of archaea reveals use of PurH2 (with or without fusion to PurH1), the “euryarchaeal signature protein” PurO, or an unidentified crenarchaeal IMP cyclohydrolase. In this report, we present the cloning and functional characterization of two representatives of the known IMP cyclohydrolase families. The locus TK0430 in Thermococcus kodakarensis encodes a PurO-type IMP cyclohydrolase with demonstrated activity despite its position in a cluster of apparently redundant biosynthetic genes, the first functional characterization of a PurO from a non-methanogen. Kinetic characterization reveals a Km for FAICAR of 1.56 ± 0.39 μM and a kcat of 0.48 ± 0.04 s-1. The locus AF1811 from Archaeoglobus fulgidus encodes a PurH2-type IMP cyclohydrolase. This Archaeoglobus fulgidus PurH2 has a Km of 7.8 ± 1.8 μM and kcat of 1.32 ± 0.14 s-1, representing the first characterization of an archaeal PurH2 and the first characterization of PurH2 that naturally occurs unfused to an AICAR formyltransferase domain. Each of these two characterized IMP cyclohydrolases converts FAICAR to IMP in vitro, and each cloned gene allows the growth on purine-deficient media of an E. coli purine auxotroph lacking the purH2 gene.

Klíčová slova:

Archaea – Biosynthesis – Enzyme kinetics – Genetic loci – High performance liquid chromatography – Paleogenetics – Staphylococcus – Purines


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Článek vyšel v časopise


2019 Číslo 10