Awareness of family health history in a predominantly young adult population


Autoři: Sarina Madhavan aff001;  Emily Bullis aff002;  Rachel Myers aff003;  Chris J. Zhou aff004;  Elise M. Cai aff001;  Anu Sharma aff001;  Shreya Bhatia aff001;  Lori A. Orlando aff003;  Susanne B. Haga aff001
Působiště autorů: Duke University, Trinity Arts and Sciences, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America aff001;  Duke University, Initiative for Society and Society, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America aff002;  Center for Applied Genomics and Precision Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America aff003;  Duke University, Pratt School of Engineering, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0224283

Souhrn

Family health history (FHH) is a key predictor of health risk and is universally important in preventive care. However, patients may not be aware of the importance of FHH, and thus, may fail to accurately or completely share FHH with health providers, thereby limiting its utility. In this study, we conducted an online survey of 294 young adults and employees based at a US university setting regarding their knowledge, sharing behaviors, and perceived importance of FHH, and use of electronic clinical tools to document and update FHH. We also evaluated two educational interventions (written and video) to promote knowledge about FHH and its importance to health. We found that 93% of respondents were highly aware of their FHH, though only 39% reported collecting it and 4% using an online FHH tool. Seventy-three percent of respondents, particularly women, had shared FHH with their doctor when prompted, and fewer had shared it with family members. Participants in the video group were significantly more likely to understand the benefits of FHH than those in the written group (p = 0.02). In summary, educational resources, either video or written, will be helpful to promote FHH collection, sharing, and use of online FHH tools.

Klíčová slova:

Age groups – Graduates – Health education and awareness – Chi square tests – Patients – Surveys – Undergraduates – Young adults


Zdroje

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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 10