Emotionally expressed voices are retained in memory following a single exposure


Autoři: Yoonji Kim aff001;  John J. Sidtis aff002;  Diana Van Lancker Sidtis aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders, New York University, New York, NY, United States of America aff001;  The Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research at Rockland Psychiatric Center, Geriatrics Division, New York, NY, United States of America aff002;  Department of Psychiatry, New York University Langone School of Medicine, New York, NY, United States of America aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223948

Souhrn

Studies of voice recognition in biology suggest that long exposure may not satisfactorily represent the voice acquisition process. The current study proposes that humans can acquire a newly familiar voice from brief exposure to spontaneous speech, given a personally engaging context. Studies have shown that arousing and emotionally engaging experiences are more likely to be recorded and consolidated in memory. Yet it remains undemonstrated whether this advantage holds for voices. The present study examined the role of emotionally expressive context in the acquisition of voices following a single, 1-minute exposure by comparing recognition of voices experienced in engaging and neutral contexts at two retention intervals. Listeners were exposed to a series of emotionally nuanced and neutral videotaped narratives produced by performers, and tested on the recognition of excerpted voice samples, by indicating whether they had heard the voice before, immediately and after a one-week delay. Excerpts were voices from exposed videotaped narratives, but utilized verbal material taken from a second (nonexposed) narrative provided by the same performer. Overall, participants were consistently able to distinguish between voices that were exposed during the video session and voices that were not exposed. Voices experienced in emotional, engaging contexts were significantly better recognized than those in neutral ones both immediately and after a one-week delay. Our findings provide the first evidence that new voices can be acquired rapidly from one-time exposure and that nuanced context facilitates initially inducting new voices into a repertory of personally familiar voices in long-term memory. The results converge with neurological evidence to suggest that cerebral processes differ for familiar and unfamiliar voices.

Klíčová slova:

Emotions – Face recognition – Human learning – Learning – Long term memory – Memory – Sleep – Memory consolidation


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2019 Číslo 10