Factors associated with depressive symptoms in patients with ankylosing spondylitis in Northern Taiwan

Autoři: Mei-Ling Fang aff001;  Chien-Sheng Wu aff002;  Li-Chueh Weng aff003;  Hsiu-Li Huang aff004
Působiště autorů: Department of Nursing, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan aff001;  Division of Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan aff002;  School of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan aff003;  Department of Long-term Care, College of Health Technology, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0224298


Patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) experience impaired physical function and reduced quality of life, which puts this group at high risk for depression. Identifying factors associated with depressive symptoms could improve outcomes for this at-risk group. However, few studies have examined the relationship between demographic and clinical variables and depressive symptoms in patients with AS. This cross-sectional correlation study recruited patients with AS by convenience sampling from the division of immunology and rheumatology of a medical center in Northern Taiwan. Participants (N = 120) included 91 males and 29 females, age ≥ 20 years. Data were collected from chart reviews, and structural questionnaires, which included demographic information regarding employment status, history of falls, impact of AS on work; clinical information relative to AS was obtained from structural questionnaires: the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) and functional index (BASFI), Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), Body Image Scale (BIS), and Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). Multiple regression analysis identified predictors of depression. The mean BDI-II score was 9.50 ± 8.30; 25% had scores indicating mild to severe depressive symptoms. Mean score on the BIS was 68.17 ± 16.14; 14.2% had fallen within the previous year; and 57.5% reported AS affected their work. Variables associated with depressive symptoms were work affected by AS (β = 0.14, p = .049), occurrence of a fall within the previous year (β = 0.14, p = .032), higher scores on the BASDAI (β = 0.21, p = .032), and lower body image (β = −0.38, p < .001). Clinical professionals should regularly assess patients with AS for depressive symptoms. Health care planning should provide instruction in fall prevention and control of disease activity, and strategies to improve body image, which could improve patients’ self-management capabilities and body image as well as mitigate depressive symptoms.

Klíčová slova:

Depression – Employment – Immunology – Inflammatory diseases – Patients – Rheumatology – Taiwan – Ankylosing spondylitis


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