1. Ferre F, de Belvis AG, Valerio L, Longhi S, Lazzari A, Fattore G, et al. Italy: health system review. Health Syst Transit.2014;16:1–168.
2. Gibbons DC, Bindman AB, Soljak MAMillett C, Majeed A. Defining primary care sensitive conditions: a necessity for effective primary care delivery? J R Soc Med.2012;105:422–428 doi: 10.1258/jrsm.2012.120178 23104945
3. Gibson OR, Segal L, McDermott RA. A systematic review of evidence on the association between hospitalisation for chronic disease related ambulatory care sensitive conditions and primary health care resourcing. BMC Health Serv Res.2013;13:336. doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-336 23972001
4. Flores G, Abreu M, Chaisson CE, Sun D. Keeping children out of hospitals: parents' and physicians' perspectives on how pediatric hospitalizations for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions can be avoided.Pediatrics.2003;112:1021–1030. doi: 10.1542/peds.112.5.1021 14595041
5. Casanova C, Starfield B. Hospitalizations of children and access to primary care: a cross-national comparison. Int J Health Serv.1995;25:283–294. doi: 10.2190/PCF7-ALX9-6CN3-7X9G 7622319
6. Medford-Davis LN, Shah R, Kennedy D, Becker E. Factors associated with potentially preventable pediatric admissions vary by diagnosis: findings from a large state.HospPediatr.2016;6:595–606.
7. Weeks WB, Ventelou B, Paraponaris A. Rates of admission for ambulatory care sensitive conditions in France in 2009–2010: trends, geographic variation, costs, and an international comparison. Eur J Health Econ.2016;17:453–470. doi: 10.1007/s10198-015-0692-y 25951924
8. Pirani M, Schifano P, Agabiti N, Davoli M, Caranci N, PerucciCA. Potentially avoidable hospitalisation in Bologna, 1997–2000: temporal trend and differences by income level. Epidemiol Prev.2006;30:169–177. 17051941
9. Rizza P, Bianco A, Pavia M, Angelillo IF. Preventable hospitalization and access to primary health care in an area of Southern Italy. BMC Health Serv Res.2007;7:134. doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-7-134 17760976
10. Flores G, Abreu M, Tomany-Korman S, Meurer J. Keeping children with asthma out of hospitals: parents' and physicians' perspectives on how pediatric asthma hospitalizations can be prevented. Pediatrics. 2005;116:957–965. doi: 10.1542/peds.2005-0712 16199708
11. Manzoli L, Flacco ME, De Vito C, Arcà S, Carle F, Capasso L, et al. AHRQ prevention quality indicators to assess the quality of primary care of local providers: a pilot study from Italy. Eur J Public Health. 2014;24:745–750. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckt203 24367065
12. McDonald KM, Davies SM, Haberland CA, Geppert JJ, Ku A, Romano PS. Preliminary assessment of pediatric health care quality and patient safety in the United States using readily available administrative data. Pediatrics. 2008;122:e416–425. doi: 10.1542/peds.2007-2477 18676529
13. Flores G, Abreu M, Chaisson CE, Sun D. Keeping children out of hospitals: parents' and physicians' perspectives on how pediatric hospitalizations for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions can be avoided.Pediatrics.2003;112:1021–1030. doi: 10.1542/peds.112.5.1021 14595041
14. Scarcella C, Lonati F. Metodologie e strumenti per la gestione delle cure primarie. Modelli ed esperienze a confronto. Maggioli Editore. 2012.
15. Torio CM, Elixhauser A, Andrews MR. Trends in potentially preventable hospital admissions among adults and children, 2005–2010. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs. 2013.
16. Luciano L, Lenzi J, McDonald KM, Rosa S, Damiani G, Corsello G, et al. Empirical validation of the "pediatric asthma hospitalization rate" indicator.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24447802 Ital J Pediatr.2014;40:7. doi: 10.1186/1824-7288-40-7 24447802
17. Luciano L, Lenzi J, McDonald KM, Rosa S, Damiani G, Corsello G, et al. Empirical examination of the indicator ‘pediatric gastroenteritis hospitalization rate’ based on administrative hospital data in Italy. Ital J Pediatr.2014;40:14. doi: 10.1186/1824-7288-40-14 24512747
18. Stata Corporation. Stata reference manual. Release 14. College Station TX. 2009.
19. Lu S, Kuo DZ. Hospital charges of potentially preventable pediatric hospitalizations.AcadPediatr.2012;12:436–444.
20. Coller RJ, Kelly MM, Ehlenbach ML, Goyette E, Warner G, Chung PJ. Hospitalizations for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions among children with chronic and complex diseases. J Pediatr.2018;194:218–224. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.10.038 29198530
21. King C, Glass R, Bresee J, Duggan C. Managing acute gastroenteritis among children. MMWR: Recommendations and reports. Avaible at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5216a1.htm.
22. Li J, Patel B, Giardino AP, Battenfield KA, Macias CG. Comparison of primary physician patterns of and attitudes on emergency department use. Pediatr Emerg Care.2012;28:1353–1360. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e318276c228 23187997
23. Modi AC, Rausch JR, Glauser TA. Patterns of nonadherence to antiepileptic drug therapy in children with newly diagnosed epilepsy. JAMA.2011;305:1669–1676. doi: 10.1001/jama.2011.506 21521848
24. World Health Organization. Recommendations for management of common childhood conditions. Newborn conditions, dysentery, pneumonia, oxygen use and delivery, common causes of fever, severe acute malnutrition and supportive care. 2012. Available at: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/44774/9789241502825_eng.pdf?sequence
25. Zhou F, Kyaw MH, Shefer A, Winston CA, Nuorti JP. Health care utilization for pneumonia in young children after routine pneumococcal conjugate vaccine use in the united states. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med.2007;161:1162–1168. doi: 10.1001/archpedi.161.12.1162 18056561
26. Gentile A, Bazán V. Prevention of pneumococcal disease through vaccination.Vaccine.2011;29:15–25.
27. Konstantyner T, Warkentin S, Taddei JA. Prevalence and determinants of vitamin A deficiency among brazilian children under 2 years of age from the 2006 national demographic health survey. Food Nutr Bull.2014;35:422–430. doi: 10.1177/156482651403500404 25639127
28. Maranhão TA, Gomes KR, Silva JM. Factors affecting young mothers' social and family relations after pregnancy. Cad Saude Publica.2014;30:998–1008. doi: 10.1590/0102-311x00024313 24936816
29. Bettenhausen JL, Colvin JD, Berry JG, Puls HT, Markham JL, Plencner LM, et al. Association of Income Inequality with pediatric hospitalizations for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions. JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171:170322.
30. Pileggi C, Carbone V, Pavia M, Angelillo IF. Patients' perceptions and related behaviours on role of primary care physician in Italy. Eur J Public Health.2004;14:258–260. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/14.3.258 15369030
31. Pileggi C, Mascaro V, Bianco A, Pavia M. Over-the-Counter Drugs and Complementary Medications Use among Children in Southern Italy. Biomed Res Int.2015;2015:413912. doi: 10.1155/2015/413912 26106606
32. Manuti B, Rizza P, Pileggi C, Bianco A, Pavia M. Assessment of perceived health status among primary care patients in Southern Italy: findings from a cross-sectional survey. Health Qual Life Outcomes.2013;11:93. doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-11-93 23758708
33. Manuti B, Rizza P, Bianco A, Nobile CG, Pavia M. The quality of preventive health care delivered to adults: results from a cross-sectional study in Southern Italy. BMC Public Health.2010;10:350. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-350 20565822
34. Rapporto Osservasalute 2018. Stato di salute e qualità dell’assistenza nelle regioni italiane. 2018. Available at: https://www.osservatoriosullasalute.it/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/ro-2018.pdf