Preventable pediatric hospitalizations and access to primary health care in Italy

Autoři: Rossella Zucco aff001;  Claudia Pileggi aff001;  Martina Vancheri aff001;  Rosa Papadopoli aff001;  Carmelo Giuseppe Angelo Nobile aff002;  Maria Pavia aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Health Sciences, University of Catanzaro "Magna Græcia", Catanzaro, Italy aff001;  Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Calabria, Cosenza, Italy aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article


The aim of this study was to quantify the burden of avoidable pediatric hospital admissions for Ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSC) and to identify factors related to these preventable hospitalizations. The study was conducted by retrospectively reviewing all medical records of children admitted in a non-teaching 474-bed acute care hospital located in Catanzaro (Italy) for an avoidable hospitalization diagnosis. Two control clinical records involving children hospitalized for clinical conditions not classified as ACSC were randomly selected for each clinical record that included an ACSC. Among the 4293 pediatric hospitalizations, 451 (10.5%) were judged to be preventable. Of these, the most frequent discharge diagnoses were: dehydration (29.7%), pneumonia (17.7%), seizures (15.7%) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (12.9%).Children admitted for a preventable hospitalization were more likely to be females, to be younger, to be residents in the same province as the hospital and less likely to have had at least one Community-Based Pediatrician (CBP) access in the previous year and to have used the district health service. The burden of pediatric preventable hospitalizations found in this study is quite high, and the results show that there is still work that lies ahead on the way to improve interaction between hospital and community-based services.

Klíčová slova:

Community based intervention – Dehydration (medicine) – Hospitalizations – Hospitals – Child health – Italy – Pediatrics – Primary care


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2019 Číslo 10
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