The prevalence of intimate partner violence among couples signing up for universally offered parent preparation


Autoři: Tea L. Trillingsgaard aff001;  Hanne N. Fentz aff001;  Marianne Simonsen aff002;  Richard E. Heyman aff004
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark aff001;  Trygfonden’s Center for Child Research, Aarhus, Denmark aff002;  Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark aff003;  Family Translational Research Group, New York University, New York, United States of America aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223824

Souhrn

Background

Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy can have serious health consequences for mothers and the unborn child. Nevertheless, IPV is seldom addressed in the context of parent preparation.

Aim

This study aimed to map the prevalence, direction, and severity of IPV in a sample of expectant couples signing up for universally-offered parent preparation.

Method

A total of 1726 Danish couples expecting their first child provided data on physical and psychological IPV by completing the Family Maltreatment measure during the second trimester of pregnancy.

Results

In 18.5% of the couples, at least one partner reported psychological or physical IPV acts during the past year. In more than 8% of couples, one or both partners reported acts and impacts above the ICD-11 threshold for clinically-significant IPV (CS-IPV) during the past year (3.6% physical CS-IPV, 5.3% psychological CS-IPV, and 0.8% both physical and psychological CS-IPV). Among couples with physical IPV below the clinical threshold, pregnant-woman-to-partner (50%) and bidirectional (38.2%) IPV were more common than partner-to-pregnant-woman IPV (11.8%). Among couples with physical CS-IPV, pregnant-woman-to-partner (36.1%), partner-to-pregnant-women (29.1%) and bidirectional (34.4%) forms were equally common. Among couples with psychological IPV, pregnant-woman-to-partner (54.9%) and partner-to-pregnant-woman (39.6%) IPV were more common than bidirectional IPV (5.5%).

Discussion

The prevalence of violence was markedly higher in this study compared with previous reports from the Nordic region and highlights a previous oversight of a substantial and clinically significant level of pregnant-woman-to-partner IPV—as well as the reverse. Data from this study call for IPV to be addressed in universally offered parent preparation programs.

Klíčová slova:

Depression – European Union – Fear – Intimate partner violence – Mental health and psychiatry – Pregnancy – Psychological stress – Public and occupational health


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PLOS One


2019 Číslo 10