A multidimensional understanding of prosperity and well-being at country level: Data-driven explorations


Autoři: Mohsen Joshanloo aff001;  Veljko Jovanović aff002;  Tim Taylor aff003
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychology, Keimyung University, Daegu, South Korea aff001;  Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia aff002;  Interdisciplinary Ethics Applied Centre, University of Leeds, Holmfirth, England, United Kingdom aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223221

Souhrn

Social scientists have been interested in measuring the prosperity, well-being, and quality of life of nations, which has resulted in a multiplicity of country-level indicators. However, little is known about the factor structure of these indicators. We explored the structure of quality of life, using country-level data on tens of subjective and objective indicators. Applying factor analysis, we identified three distinct factors that exhibited both overlap and complementarity. This structure was replicated in data from previous years and with a partially different set of variables. The first factor, ‘socio-economic progress’, is dominated by socio-political and economic indicators but also includes life satisfaction, which thus appears to reflect objective living conditions. The second factor, ‘psycho-social functioning’, consists of subjective indicators, such as eudaimonic well-being and positive affective states. The third, ‘negative affectivity’, comprises negatively-valenced affective states. The three macro-factors of societal quality of life demonstrated moderate intercorrelations and differential associations with cultural and ecological variables, providing support for their discriminant validity. Finally, country and regional rankings based on the three societal factors revealed a complex picture that cautions against over-reliance on any single indicator such as life satisfaction. The results underline the need for a broadly-based approach to the measurement of societal quality of life, and provide an empirically-derived multidimensional framework for conceptualizing and measuring quality of life and well-being at country level. This study is thus an initial empirical step towards systematizing the multiple approaches to societal quality of life.

Klíčová slova:

Behavioral and social aspects of health – Factor analysis – Global health – Happiness – Health education and awareness – Mental health and psychiatry – Quality of life – Suicide


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