Obesity-associated insulin resistance adversely affects skin function


Autoři: Masafumi Aoki aff001;  Takatoshi Murase aff001
Působiště autorů: Biological Science Laboratories, Kao Corporation, Ichikai-machi, Haga-gun, Tochigi, Japan aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223528

Souhrn

The aim of this study was to identify changes in skin function associated with obesity and the mechanisms underlying these changes. Functional changes and gene expression in skin were investigated in C57BL/6J mice fed either a control or high-fat diet (HFD). The insulin responsiveness of the skin and skeletal muscle was also evaluated. The effects of inhibiting insulin signaling and altered glucose concentration on skin function-associated molecules and barrier function were analyzed in keratinocytes. HFD-fed mice were not only severely obese, but also exhibited impaired skin barrier function and diminished levels of glycerol transporter aquaporin-3, keratins, and desmosomal proteins involved in maintaining skin structure. Moreover, the expression of cell cycle regulatory molecules was altered. Insulin signaling was attenuated in the skin and skeletal muscle of HFD-fed mice. In keratinocytes, inhibition of insulin signaling leads to decreased keratin expression and diminished barrier function, and higher glucose concentrations increased the expression of CDK inhibitor 1A and 1C, which are associated with cell-cycle arrest. Obesity-associated impairment of skin function can be attributed to structural fragility, abnormal glycerol transport, and dysregulated proliferation of epidermal cells. These alterations are at least partly due to cutaneous insulin resistance and hyperglycemia.

Klíčová slova:

Adipose tissue – Cell cycle and cell division – Gene expression – Insulin – Insulin resistance – Keratins – Obesity – Insulin signaling


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