Efficacy of Lactobacillus-supplemented triple therapy for H. pylori eradication: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials


Autoři: Mingyang Yu aff001;  Rongguang Zhang aff001;  Peng Ni aff001;  Shuaiyin Chen aff001;  Guangcai Duan aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223309

Souhrn

Aim

To assess the effect of Lactobacillus supplementation on Helicobacter pylori eradication rates and side effects of the triple therapy.

Methods

PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library were searched for articles published up to July, 2019. Review Manager 5.3 and Stata 12.0 were used for statistical analyses.

Results

The initial database search resulted in 852 articles. Through exclusion and screening, 11 randomized controlled trials involving a total of 724 patients were finally included in this meta-analysis. The H. pylori elimination rate in the Lactobacillus supplement group was significantly higher than that in the control group (RR 1.16, 95% CI 1.08–1.25, P<0.0001). Subgroup analysis showed that the eradication rates were significantly enhanced in both adults and children group, and no significant difference was detected between Asia and Europe group. In addition, sub-analysis based on duration of Lactobacillus supplementation showed the pooled RRs in the long-term and short-term groups were 1.17 (95%CI 1.06–1.30) and 1.16 (95% CI 1.04–1.30), respectively. Regarding the Lactobacillus strains, the pooled RR was 1.33 (95% CI 1.10–1.62) in the L. casei group, 1.18 (95% CI 1.03–1.34) in the L. reuteri group while 1.02 (95% CI 0.87–1.21) in the Lactobacillus GG group. As for the total side effects, Lactobacillus supplementation significantly reduced the incidence of taste disturbance (RR = 0.36, 95% CI 0.17–0.74, P = 0.005).

Conclusions

Lactobacillus supplementation during the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection can effectively improve the eradication rates, and reduce the incidence of therapy-related taste disturbance.

Klíčová slova:

Antibiotics – Database searching – Gastrointestinal infections – Helicobacter pylori – Histology – Lactobacillus – Metaanalysis – Probiotics


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