Electrical impedance myography for the detection of muscle inflammation induced by λ-carrageenan

Autoři: Marie Mortreux aff001;  Carson Semple aff001;  Daniela Riveros aff001;  Janice A. Nagy aff001;  Seward B. Rutkove aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223265


Electrical impedance myography (EIM) is a technique for the assessment of muscle health and composition and has been shown to be sensitive to a variety of muscle pathologies including neurogenic atrophy and connective tissue deposition. However, it has been minimally studied in pure inflammation. In this study, we sought to assess EIM sensitivity to experimental inflammation induced by the localized intramuscular injection of λ-carrageenan. A total of 91 mice underwent 1–1000 kHz EIM measurements of gastrocnemius using a needle array, followed by injection of either 0.3% λ-carrageenan in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) or PBS alone. Animals were then remeasured with EIM at 4, 24, 48, or 72 hours and euthanized and quantitative assessment of muscle histology was performed. Parallel alterations in both 5 and 50 kHz EIM values were identified at 4 and 24 hours, including reductions in phase, reactance, and resistance. In PBS-treated animals these values normalized by 48 hours, whereas substantial reductions in phase and reactance in 5 kHz EIM values persisted at 48 and 72 hours (i.e., values of phase 72 hours post-injection were 6.51 ± 0.40 degrees for λ-carrageenan versus 8.44 ± 0.35 degrees for PBS p<0.001, n = 11 per group). The degree of basophilic area observed in muscle sections by histology correlated to the degree of phase change at these two time points (Rspearman = -0.51, p = 0.0029). Changes in low frequency EIM parameters are sensitive to the presence of inflammatory infiltrates, and have the potential of serving as a simple means of quantifying the presence and extent of muscle inflammation without the need for biopsy.

Klíčová slova:

Cell staining – Euthanasia – Histology – Inflammation – Inflammatory diseases – Electrical impedance – Intramuscular injections


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2019 Číslo 10
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