40-Hz auditory steady-state responses and the complex information processing: An exploratory study in healthy young males


Autoři: Vykinta Parciauskaite aff001;  Aleksandras Voicikas aff001;  Vytautas Jurkuvenas aff002;  Povilas Tarailis aff001;  Mindaugas Kraulaidis aff001;  Evaldas Pipinis aff001;  Inga Griskova-Bulanova aff001
Působiště autorů: Vilnius University, Institute of Biosciences, Vilnius, Lithuania aff001;  Vilnius University, Institute of Psychology, Vilnius, Lithuania aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(10)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223127

Souhrn

Electroencephalographic (EEG) activity in the gamma (30–80 Hz) range is related to a variety of sensory and cognitive processes which are frequently impaired in schizophrenia. Auditory steady-state response at 40-Hz (40-Hz ASSR) is utilized as an index of gamma activity and is proposed as a biomarker of schizophrenia. Nevertheless, the link between ASSRs and cognitive functions is not clear. This study explores a possible relationship between the performance on cognitive tasks and the 40-Hz ASSRs in a controlled uniform sample of young healthy males, as age and sex may have complex influence on ASSRs. Twenty-eight young healthy male volunteers participated (mean age ± SD 25.8±3.3) in the study. The 40-Hz click trains (500 ms) were presented 150 times with an inter-stimulus interval set at 700–1000 ms. The phase-locking index (PLI) and event-related power perturbation (ERSP) of the ASSR were calculated in the 200–500 ms latency range, which corresponds to the steady part of the response. The Psychology Experiment Building Language (PEBL) task battery was used to assess five cognitive subdomains: the Choice response time task, the Stroop test, the Tower of London test, the Lexical decision task and the Semantic categorisation task. Pearson‘s correlation coefficients were calculated to access the relationships; no multiple-test correction was applied as the tests were explorative in nature. A significant positive correlation was observed for the late-latency gamma and the mean number of steps in the Tower of London task reflecting planning and problem-solving abilities. These findings support the concept that 40-Hz ASSR might highlight top-down mechanisms which are related to cognitive functioning. Therefore, 40-Hz ASSRs can be used to explore the relationship between cognitive functioning and neurophysiological indices of brain activity.

Klíčová slova:

Attention – Cognition – Cognitive impairment – Decision making – Electroencephalography – Information processing – Schizophrenia – Working memory


Zdroje

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