Prevalence of damaged and missing teeth among women in the southern plains of Nepal: Findings of a simplified assessment tool


Autoři: Priyanka Agrawal aff001;  Swetha Manohar aff002;  Andrew L. Thorne-Lyman aff003;  K. C. Angela aff002;  Binod Shrestha aff005;  Rolf D. Klemm aff006;  Keith P. West aff002
Působiště autorů: International Injury Research Unit, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America aff001;  Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America aff002;  Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America aff003;  Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America aff004;  PoSHAN Study Team, Johns Hopkins University, Kathmandu, Nepal aff005;  Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America aff006;  Helen Keller International, New York, New York, United States of America aff007
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225192

Souhrn

Objective

To assess the prevalence of missing and damaged teeth among women in the rural southern plains of Nepal using an interviewer-administered tooth assessment module.

Setting

21wards in seven Village Development Committees across the Tarai of Nepal in 2015.

Participants

Resident, married women of children less than 5 years of age or those married in the 2 years prior to the survey, 14 to 49 years of age participating in a mid-year nutrition and health survey in the Tarai region of Nepal.

Outcome measures

Prevalence of missing and damaged teeth, history of dental problems, oral hygiene practices, access to dental treatment and risk factors for missing and damaged teeth.

Results

Of 3007 assessed women, aged 14 to 49 years of age, 22.8% (95% CI: 21.4–24.4) reported ≥ 1 missing or damaged teeth; 81.5% (95% CI 80.1–82.9) reported regularly practicing oral hygiene, typically with standard local dentifrices. Pain or discomfort in the oral cavity in the previous 6 months affected 17.6% of women. Among these, 43.8% had sought treatment from a dental facility, pharmacy or village doctor. Home remedies were commonly applied to relieve pain.

Conclusion

Broken and missing teeth are common, affecting nearly one-quarter of adult women of reproductive age in rural Southern Nepal, as assessed by an interviewer-administered questionnaire.

Klíčová slova:

Dentition – Diet – Drug therapy – Nepal – Oral diseases – Oral health – Oral medicine – Teeth


Zdroje

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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 12