Experimental hut evaluation of DawaPlus 3.0 LN and DawaPlus 4.0 LN treated with deltamethrin and PBO against free-flying populations of Anopheles gambiae s.l. in Vallée du Kou, Burkina Faso


Autoři: Koama Bayili aff001;  Sévérin N’Do aff001;  Rajpal S. Yadav aff003;  Moussa Namountougou aff001;  Abdoulaye Ouattara aff001;  Roch K. Dabiré aff001;  Georges A. Ouédraogo aff002;  Abdoulaye Diabaté aff001
Působiště autorů: Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé/Centre Muraz, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso aff001;  Université Nazi Boni, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso aff002;  Vector Ecology and Management, Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226191

Souhrn

Background

In view of widespread pyrethroid resistance in malaria vectors in Africa, two long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) incorporated with a synergist, piperonyl butoxide (PBO), DawaPlus 3.0 (deltamethrin + PBO in the roof panel; deltamethrin alone in the side panels) and DawaPlus 4.0 (deltamethrin + PBO in all panels), were evaluated in an experimental hut trial in a rice growing irrigated area in Burkina Faso. Efficacy of nets was tested against free-flying malaria vector, Anopheles gambiae s.l., with high pyrethroid resistance involving L1014F kdr and CYP6P3P450 resistance mechanisms.

Methodology

The efficacy of unwashed and 20-times washed DawaPlus 3.0 (polyethylene roof panel with 120 mg/m2 deltamethrin and 440 mg/m2 PBO; polyester side panels with deltamethrin 100 mg/m2) and DawaPlus 4.0 (same composition as roof of DawaPlus 3.0) was evaluated against DawaPlus 2.0 (80 mg/m2 deltamethrin; positive control). Volunteer sleepers and treatments were rotated in huts using a Latin square design on 63 consecutive nights during August–October 2016. Mortality, human blood-feeding inhibition, deterrence and exit rates of An. gambiae s.l. were monitored.

Principal findings

Significantly higher rates of mortality and blood-feeding inhibition were observed with unwashed DawaPlus 4.0 (36%; 47.5%) than unwashed DawaPlus 3.0 (11.8%; 33.3%), DawaPlus 2.0 (4.3%; 6.4%) or untreated net (P < 0.05). Washing reduced personal protective efficacy yet PBO-LLINs were more protective and both met the WHO criteria.

Conclusions

The PBO-containing DawaPlus 4.0 significantly protected against An. gambiae s.l. in the study area. Unwashed DawaPlus 3.0 gave low to moderate protection against the positive control. PBO inhibits oxidase action; hence in areas with active malaria transmission having oxidase mechanisms, PBO nets could confer additional personal protection.

Klíčová slova:

Anopheles gambiae – Death rates – Enzyme metabolism – Insect vectors – Insecticides – Larvae – Malaria – Mosquitoes


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 12