Evaluation of bacteriophage as an adjunct therapy for treatment of peri-prosthetic joint infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus


Autoři: Jodie L. Morris aff001;  Hayley L. Letson aff002;  Lisa Elliott aff003;  Andrea L. Grant aff001;  Matthew Wilkinson aff001;  Kaushik Hazratwala aff001;  Peter McEwen aff001
Působiště autorů: Orthopaedic Research Institute of Queensland, Townsville, Queensland, Australia aff001;  College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Queensland, Australia aff002;  AusPhage Pty Ltd, Townsville, Queensland, Australia aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226574

Souhrn

Phage therapy offers a potential alternate strategy for the treatment of peri-prosthetic joint infection (PJI), particularly where limited effective antibiotics are available. We undertook preclinical trials to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of a phage cocktail, alone and in combination with vancomycin, to reduce bacterial numbers within the infected joint using a clinically-relevant model of Staphylococcus aureus-induced PJI. Infected animals were randomised to 4 treatment groups, with treatment commencing 21-days post-surgery: bacteriophage alone, vancomycin alone, bacteriophage and vancomycin, and sham. At day 28 post-surgery, animals were euthanised for microbiological and immunological assessment of implanted joints. Treatment with phage alone or vancomycin alone, led to 5-fold and 6.2-fold reductions, respectively in bacterial load within peri-implant tissue compared to sham-treated animals. Compared to sham-treated animals, a 22.5-fold reduction in S. aureus burden was observed within joint tissue of animals that were administered phage in combination with vancomycin, corresponding with decreased swelling in the implanted knee. Microbiological data were supported by evidence of decreased inflammation within the joints of animals administered phage in combination with vancomycin, compared to sham-treated animals. Our findings provide further support for phage therapy as a tolerable and effective adjunct treatment for PJI.

Klíčová slova:

Bacteriophages – Inflammation – Knee joints – Skeletal joints – Staphylococcus aureus – Titanium implants – Vancomycin


Zdroje

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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 12