Epidemiology of drug-resistant tuberculosis in Chongqing, China: A retrospective observational study from 2010 to 2017


Autoři: Bo Wu aff001;  Ya Yu aff002;  Changting Du aff001;  Ying Liu aff003;  Daiyu Hu aff002
Působiště autorů: Outpatient Department, The Institute of Tuberculosis Prevention and Control, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China aff001;  Department of Prevention and Control, The Institute of Tuberculosis Prevention and Control, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China aff002;  Medical Administration Department, The Institute of Tuberculosis Prevention and Control, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216018

Souhrn

China is one of the top 30 countries with high multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and rifampin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) burden. Chongqing is a southwest city of China with a large rural population. A retrospective observational study has been performed based on routine tuberculosis (TB) surveillance data in Chongqing from 2010 to 2017. The MDR/RR-TB notification rate increased from 0.03 cases per 100,000 population in 2010 to 2.1 cases per 100,000 population in 2017. The extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) notification rate has increased to 0.09 cases per 100,000 population in 2017. There was a decreasing detection gap between the number of notified MDR/RR-TB cases and the estimate number of MDR/RR-TB cases in new TB cases. The treatment success rate of MDR/RR-TB was 59% (95% confidence interval [CI], 53%-65%) in this period. Despite the progress achieved, the prevalence of MDR/RR-TB was still high facing challenges including detection gaps in new TB cases, the regional disparity, and the high risk for MDR/RR-TB in elderly people and farmers. Sustained government financing and policy support should be guaranteed in the future.

Klíčová slova:

Age groups – Drug therapy – Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis – China – Medical risk factors – Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis – Sputum – Tuberculosis


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 12