Mutation analysis of annual sediment discharge at Wu Long station in Wu Jiang River Basin from 1960 to 2016

Autoři: Peng Chen aff001;  Guangming Tan aff001;  Jinyun Deng aff001;  Quanxi Xu aff003;  Rouxin Tang aff001
Působiště autorů: State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China aff001;  Key Lab. of River Regulation and Flood Control of Ministry of Water Resources, Changjiang River Scientific Research Inst., Wuhan, China aff002;  Bureau of Hydrology, Yangtze River Water Resources Commission, Wuhan, China aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article


This article introduces a new method for mutation detection, the approximate entropy method, which is based on the complexity of time series. The mutation of average annual sediment discharge in Wu Jiang River Basin from 1960 to 2016 is detected by the introduced approximate entropy method, and compared with the results of double cumulative curve method and B-G segmentation algorithm. The mutation physical mechanism of the sediment discharge is discussed from the aspects of sediment source, annual distribution and interannual variation, climate change, impact of water conservancy and water conservation projects on sediment transport. The results show that mutation points occurred at 1984 and 2008 at Wu Long station, and the sediment discharge has a significant change after 2008. The mutation of average annual sediment discharge in Wu Jiang River Basin is caused by both climate change and human activity. Sediment reduction effect of the hydraulic engineerings built since 1990s climate is main and direct, and the climate change have secondary effect on sediment discharge change.

Klíčová slova:

Entropy – Erosion – Mutation detection – Point mutation – Power stations – Rivers – Sediment – Surface water


1. Dai Zhijun, Mei Xuefei, Darby Stephen E., Lou Yaying, Li Weihua. Fluvial sediment transfer in the Changjiang (Yangtze) river-estuary depositional system. Journal of Hydrology. 2018; 566: 719–734.

2. Liu J.T., Hsu R.T., Hung J.J., Chang Y.P., Wang Y.H., Rendle-Bühring R.H., Yang R.J., 2016. From the highest to the deepest: The Gaoping River-Gaoping Submarine Canyon dispersal system. Earth Sci. Rev. 153, 274–300.

3. Romans B.W., Castelltort S., Covault J.A., Fildani A., Walsh J.P., 2016. Environmental signal propagation in sedimentary systems across timescales. Earth Sci. Rev. 153, 7–29.

4. Mei X.F., Dai Z.J., Darby S.E., Gao S., Wang J., Jiang W.G., 2018. Modulation of extreme flood levels by impoundment significantly offset by floodplain loss downstream of the Three Gorges Dam. Geophysics. Res. Lett. 45, 3147–3155.

5. Syvitski J.P.M., Green P.B.T., 2005. Impact of humans on the flux of terrestrial sediment to the global coastal ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5720), 376–380. doi: 10.1126/science.1109454 15831750

6. Milliman J.D., Farnsworth K.L., 2011. River Discharge to the Coastal Ocean–A Global Synthesis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

7. Bulletin of China River Sediment (BCRS), 2001. Press of Ministry of Water Resources of the People's Republic of China.

8. Dai Z.J., Liu J.T., Wei W., Chen J.Y., 2014. Detection of the Three Gorges Dam influence on the Changjiang (Yangtze River) submerged delta. Scientific Reports 4, 6600. doi: 10.1038/srep06600 25321660

9. Yang S.L., Xu K.H., Milliman J.D., Yang H.F., Wu C.S., 2015. Decline of Yangtze River water and sediment discharge: impact from natural and anthropogenic changes. Scientific Reports 5, 12581. doi: 10.1038/srep12581 26206169

10. Yang S.L., Zhao Q.Y., Belkin I.M., 2002. Temporal variation in the sediment load of the Yangtze river and the influences of human activities. J. Hydrol. 263, 56–71.

11. Gao S., Wang Y.P., 2008. Changes in material fluxes from the Changjiang River and their implications on the adjoining continental shelf ecosystem. Cont. Shelf Res. 28 (12), 1490–1500.

12. Liu J.P., Xu K.H., Li A.C., Milliman J.D., Velozzi D.M., Xiao S.B., Yang Z.S., 2007. Flux and fate of Yangtze river sediment delivered to the East China Sea. Geomorphology 85, 208–224.

13. Xu K.H., Milliman J.D., 2009. Seasonal variations of sediment discharge from the Yangtze River before and after impoundment of the Three Gorges Dam. Geomorphology 104, 276–283.

14. Dai Z.J., Du J.Z., Zhang X.L., Su N., Li J.F., 2011. Variation of riverine martial loads and environmental consequences on the Changjiang estuary in recent decades. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45, 223–227. doi: 10.1021/es103026a 21128630

15. Dai Zhijun., Sergio Fagherazzi, Xuefei Mei., Jinjuan Gao, 2016. Decline in suspended sediment concentration delivered by the Changjiang (Yangtze) River into the East China Sea between 1956 and 2013. Geomorphology 268, 123–132.

16. Mann H B. Non-parametric test of randomness against trend. Econometrica. 1945; 13: 245–259.

17. Cheng Liu, Zhaoyin Wang, Jueyi Sui. Water and Sediment Change Analysis of Main Seagoing Rivers in China. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. 2007; 38(12): 1444–1452.

18. Qunqun Liu, Wenping He, Bin Gu. Application of nonlinear dynamical methods in abrupt climate change detection. Journal of Physics. 2015; 64, 179201.

19. Wenfeng Yang, Zhaoyuan Li, Xingmin Li. A New Climate Jump Approach and Application. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science. 1997; 81(1): 119–123.

20. Yafeng Shi, Piyuan Zhang, Change and Trend of China Climate and Sea Level and Its Influence on China Historical Climate Change [M]. Jinan: Shandong Science & technology Press, 1996.

21. Pincus S M 1995 Chaos 5 110. doi: 10.1063/1.166092

22. Pincus S M, Goldberger A L1994 Am. J. Physiol. 266 1643.

23. Pincus S M 1991 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88 2297. doi: 10.1073/pnas.88.6.2297

24. Nie Jing, Ji Meining, Chu Yao,et al. Human pulses reveal health conditions by a piezoelectret sensor via the approximate entropy analysis. Nano Energy. 2019(58): 528–535.

25. Gao Xiaozeng, Yan Xiaoyan, Gao Ping,et al. Automatic Detection of Epileptic Seizure Based on Approximate Entropy, Recurrence Quantification Analysis and Convolutional Neural Networks. Journal Pre-proof. 2019,101711.

26. Bernaola-Galvan P, Ch Ivanov P, Nunes Amaral. Scale Invariance in the nonstationary of human heart rate. Phys. 2001; 87(16): 1–4.

27. Wenfeng Ding, Pingcang Zhang, Renhongyu. Evolution Rule and Driving Factors Quantitative Analysis on Runoff Sediment in Jialing River Drainage Basin in Recent 50 Years. Journal of Yangtze River Scientific Research Institute. 2008; 25(30): 23–27

28. Quanxi Xu, Songsheng Chen, Ming Xiong. Water and Sediment Variation Characteristics and Causes Analysis in Jiling River Drainage Basin. Journal of Sediment Research. 2008(2): 1–8.

29. Jiongxin Xu. Macroscopic Trend Study on Sediment Accumulation in Downstream River Channels of the Yellow River under the Influence of Human Activities. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. 2004(2): 8–16.

30. Changjiang Water Conservancy Committee Hydrographic Office, Sediment Investigation Group of Reservoirs in Upper Reaches of Yangtze River. Data Compilation of Sediment Deposition Status in Reservoirs in Upper Reaches of Yangtze River [R]. 1994

31. Yangtze River Yearbook Compilation Committee, Yangtze River Yearbook, 2006.12: 570.

32. Yangtze River Yearbook Compilation Committee, Yangtze River Yearbook, 2016.12: 683.

33. Guoyu Shi, Xianwei Chen, Min Ye. Sediment Trapping and Reduction Role of Reservoirs Group in Upper Reaches of Three Gorges. Collected Papers for Analysis on Incoming Water and Sediment Conditions of Three Gorges Reservoir [C]. Wuhan: Hubei Science & Technology Press, 1991.09: 214–221.

34. Changjiang Institute of Survey, Planning, Design and Research. Wujiang River Main Stream Planning Report [R]. 2002.

Článek vyšel v časopise


2019 Číslo 12
Nejčtenější tento týden