Ecological interdependencies and resource competition: The role of information and communication in promoting effective collaboration in complex management situations


Autoři: Matthew Osborne aff001;  Emma Sundström aff002;  Örjan Bodin aff002
Působiště autorů: Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Behaviour and Choice Initiative, Stockholm, Sweden aff001;  Stockholm Resilience Centre (SRC), Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225903

Souhrn

Communication between resource users has repeatedly been shown to be of significant importance in environmental management. The proposed causal mechanisms are numerous, ranging from the ability of users to share information to their ability to negotiate solutions to common problems and dilemmas. However, what is less known is under what conditions these potential causal mechanisms are important and if, in cases when different means other than communication were available, whether they would be more effective in accomplishing these objectives. An example of such an alternative could be that instead of (or in addition to) users being reliant on within-group communication to acquire useful information an intermediary—such as a public agency—could provide that for them. Furthermore, the different causal mechanisms making communication beneficial might not be independent, neither in respect to each other, nor in respect to other externally imposed means to facilitate better environmental management, and not in regards to different contextual factors. This study makes use of laboratory experiments in an innovative way to explore these questions and specifically test the relative importance of communication in managing complex social-ecological system characterized by common-pool resource dilemmas, ecological interdependencies, and asymmetric resource access–all characteristics being present simultaneously. We find that when resources users are confronted with such a complex challenge, the ability to communicate significantly increases individual and group performance. What is more surprising is the negative effect on overall outcomes that providing external information has on outcomes, when the users also have the ability to communicate. By analysing the content of the conversations we are able to suggest several possible explanations on how the combination of external information provisioning and user communications act to increase individual cognitive load and drives intra-group competition, leading to a significant reduction of individual and group outcomes.

Klíčová slova:

Cognitive psychology – Communications – Ecosystems – Environmental management – Games – Learning – Regression analysis – Social communication


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Článek vyšel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 12